Skip to main content
Journal cover image

Pelvic Morphology in Homo erectus and Early Homo.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Churchill, SE; Vansickle, C
Published in: Anatomical record (Hoboken, N.J. : 2007)
May 2017

The evolution of the hominin pelvis is generally seen as involving two broad stages: the establishment of bipedal pelvic morphology by the mid-Pliocene (or earlier), followed by architectural changes necessary to enlarge the birth canal in response to increased encephalization in Pleistocene members of the genus Homo. Pelvic and proximal femoral morphology in early Homo (namely H. erectus) has been seen as transitional between these stages, reflecting structural changes necessitated by greater body size (and perhaps moderate increases in brain size) overlain upon a basically primitive pelvic architecture. Here we review the history of thought on the evolution of the pelvis in early Homo, as well as recent fossil discoveries that have improved our understanding of diversity in pelvic morphology in early Homo and late australopiths. These discoveries (1) suggest that the "femoropelvic complex" characteristic of H. erectus emerged after the divergence of various lineages of early Homo (that is, it is not plesiomorphic for the genus) and (2) raise questions about the role that evolutionary change in brain size in the genus Homo played in the emergence of derived features seen in the pelvis of modern humans. Anat Rec, 300:964-977, 2017. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Duke Scholars

Altmetric Attention Stats
Dimensions Citation Stats

Published In

Anatomical record (Hoboken, N.J. : 2007)

DOI

EISSN

1932-8494

ISSN

1932-8486

Publication Date

May 2017

Volume

300

Issue

5

Start / End Page

964 / 977

Related Subject Headings

  • Pelvis
  • Hominidae
  • Fossils
  • Femur
  • Body Size
  • Biological Evolution
  • Animals
  • Anatomy & Morphology
  • 3104 Evolutionary biology
  • 3101 Biochemistry and cell biology
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
NLM
Churchill, S. E., & Vansickle, C. (2017). Pelvic Morphology in Homo erectus and Early Homo. Anatomical Record (Hoboken, N.J. : 2007), 300(5), 964–977. https://doi.org/10.1002/ar.23576
Churchill, Steven Emilio, and Caroline Vansickle. “Pelvic Morphology in Homo erectus and Early Homo.Anatomical Record (Hoboken, N.J. : 2007) 300, no. 5 (May 2017): 964–77. https://doi.org/10.1002/ar.23576.
Churchill SE, Vansickle C. Pelvic Morphology in Homo erectus and Early Homo. Anatomical record (Hoboken, NJ : 2007). 2017 May;300(5):964–77.
Churchill, Steven Emilio, and Caroline Vansickle. “Pelvic Morphology in Homo erectus and Early Homo.Anatomical Record (Hoboken, N.J. : 2007), vol. 300, no. 5, May 2017, pp. 964–77. Epmc, doi:10.1002/ar.23576.
Churchill SE, Vansickle C. Pelvic Morphology in Homo erectus and Early Homo. Anatomical record (Hoboken, NJ : 2007). 2017 May;300(5):964–977.
Journal cover image

Published In

Anatomical record (Hoboken, N.J. : 2007)

DOI

EISSN

1932-8494

ISSN

1932-8486

Publication Date

May 2017

Volume

300

Issue

5

Start / End Page

964 / 977

Related Subject Headings

  • Pelvis
  • Hominidae
  • Fossils
  • Femur
  • Body Size
  • Biological Evolution
  • Animals
  • Anatomy & Morphology
  • 3104 Evolutionary biology
  • 3101 Biochemistry and cell biology