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Cumulative Effects of Neighborhood Social Adversity and Personal Crime Victimization on Adolescent Psychotic Experiences.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Newbury, J; Arseneault, L; Caspi, A; Moffitt, TE; Odgers, CL; Fisher, HL
Published in: Schizophrenia bulletin
February 2018

Little is known about the impact of urbanicity, adverse neighborhood conditions and violent crime victimization on the emergence of adolescent psychotic experiences.Participants were from the Environmental Risk (E-Risk) Longitudinal Twin Study, a nationally-representative cohort of 2232 British twins who were interviewed about adolescent psychotic experiences at age 18. Urbanicity, neighborhood characteristics, and personal victimization by violent crime were measured during childhood and adolescence via geocoded census data, surveys of over 5000 immediate neighbors of the E-Risk participants, and interviews with participants themselves.Adolescents raised in urban vs rural neighborhoods were significantly more likely to have psychotic experiences (OR = 1.67, 95% CI = 1.21-2.30, P = .002). This association remained significant after considering potential confounders including family socioeconomic status, family psychiatric history, and adolescent substance problems (OR = 1.43, 95% CI = 1.01-2.03, P = .042), but became nonsignificant after considering adverse social conditions in urban neighborhoods such as low social cohesion and high neighborhood disorder (OR = 1.35, 95% CI = 0.94-1.92, P = .102). The combined association of adverse neighborhood social conditions and personal crime victimization with adolescent psychotic experiences (adjusted OR = 4.86, 95% CI = 3.28-7.20, P < .001) was substantially greater than for either exposure alone, highlighting a potential interaction between neighborhood conditions and crime victimization (interaction contrast ratio = 1.81, 95% CI = -0.03 to 3.65) that was significant at the P = .054 level.Cumulative effects of adverse neighborhood social conditions and personal victimization by violent crime during upbringing partly explain why adolescents in urban settings are more likely to report psychotic experiences. Early intervention efforts for psychosis could be targeted towards victimized youth living in urban and socially adverse neighborhoods.

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Published In

Schizophrenia bulletin

DOI

EISSN

1745-1701

ISSN

1787-9965

Publication Date

February 2018

Volume

44

Issue

2

Start / End Page

348 / 358

Related Subject Headings

  • Urban Population
  • United Kingdom
  • Social Environment
  • Schizophrenia
  • Rural Population
  • Residence Characteristics
  • Psychotic Disorders
  • Psychiatry
  • Male
  • Humans
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Newbury, J., Arseneault, L., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., Odgers, C. L., & Fisher, H. L. (2018). Cumulative Effects of Neighborhood Social Adversity and Personal Crime Victimization on Adolescent Psychotic Experiences. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 44(2), 348–358. https://doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbx060
Newbury, Joanne, Louise Arseneault, Avshalom Caspi, Terrie E. Moffitt, Candice L. Odgers, and Helen L. Fisher. “Cumulative Effects of Neighborhood Social Adversity and Personal Crime Victimization on Adolescent Psychotic Experiences.Schizophrenia Bulletin 44, no. 2 (February 2018): 348–58. https://doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbx060.
Newbury J, Arseneault L, Caspi A, Moffitt TE, Odgers CL, Fisher HL. Cumulative Effects of Neighborhood Social Adversity and Personal Crime Victimization on Adolescent Psychotic Experiences. Schizophrenia bulletin. 2018 Feb;44(2):348–58.
Newbury, Joanne, et al. “Cumulative Effects of Neighborhood Social Adversity and Personal Crime Victimization on Adolescent Psychotic Experiences.Schizophrenia Bulletin, vol. 44, no. 2, Feb. 2018, pp. 348–58. Epmc, doi:10.1093/schbul/sbx060.
Newbury J, Arseneault L, Caspi A, Moffitt TE, Odgers CL, Fisher HL. Cumulative Effects of Neighborhood Social Adversity and Personal Crime Victimization on Adolescent Psychotic Experiences. Schizophrenia bulletin. 2018 Feb;44(2):348–358.
Journal cover image

Published In

Schizophrenia bulletin

DOI

EISSN

1745-1701

ISSN

1787-9965

Publication Date

February 2018

Volume

44

Issue

2

Start / End Page

348 / 358

Related Subject Headings

  • Urban Population
  • United Kingdom
  • Social Environment
  • Schizophrenia
  • Rural Population
  • Residence Characteristics
  • Psychotic Disorders
  • Psychiatry
  • Male
  • Humans