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Perspectives and Practices of Athletic Trainers and Team Physicians Implementing the 2010 NCAA Sickle Cell Trait Screening Policy.

Publication ,  Journal Article
McDonald, MA; Creary, MS; Powell, J; Daley, L-A; Baker, C; Royal, CD
Published in: Journal of genetic counseling
December 2017

Sickle cell trait (SCT) is usually benign. However, there are some conditions that may lead to SCT-related problems and put athletes with the trait at particular risk. In 2010 the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) issued a policy that required all Division I (DI) student-athletes to confirm their SCT status or sign a liability waiver to opt out of testing. Athletic trainers and team physicians play key roles in the policy implementation and we examined their perceptions and practices. Between December 2013 and March 2014 we interviewed 13 head athletic trainers and team physicians at NCAA Division I colleges and universities in North Carolina. We used an interview guide with open-ended questions covering knowledge of SCT, historical screening and education practices, current implementation, and policy benefits and challenges. Participants were knowledgeable about SCT and thought the policy was beneficial in providing SCT health information to and for student-athletes. Schools varied in provision of genetic counseling, offering the waiver, SCT tests administered, and other aspects. Challenges included: insufficient guidance from the NCAA; financial considerations; and misunderstanding of the relationships of race and ancestry to SCT risk. Athletic staff found the policy valuable, but felt it needs clarity and standardization.

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Published In

Journal of genetic counseling

DOI

EISSN

1573-3599

ISSN

1059-7700

Publication Date

December 2017

Volume

26

Issue

6

Start / End Page

1292 / 1300

Related Subject Headings

  • Young Adult
  • Universities
  • United States
  • Students
  • Sports Medicine
  • Sickle Cell Trait
  • North Carolina
  • Mass Screening
  • Male
  • Humans
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
NLM
McDonald, M. A., Creary, M. S., Powell, J., Daley, L.-A., Baker, C., & Royal, C. D. (2017). Perspectives and Practices of Athletic Trainers and Team Physicians Implementing the 2010 NCAA Sickle Cell Trait Screening Policy. Journal of Genetic Counseling, 26(6), 1292–1300. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10897-017-0107-6
McDonald, Mary Anne, Melissa S. Creary, Jill Powell, Lori-Ann Daley, Charlotte Baker, and Charmaine Dm Royal. “Perspectives and Practices of Athletic Trainers and Team Physicians Implementing the 2010 NCAA Sickle Cell Trait Screening Policy.Journal of Genetic Counseling 26, no. 6 (December 2017): 1292–1300. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10897-017-0107-6.
McDonald MA, Creary MS, Powell J, Daley L-A, Baker C, Royal CD. Perspectives and Practices of Athletic Trainers and Team Physicians Implementing the 2010 NCAA Sickle Cell Trait Screening Policy. Journal of genetic counseling. 2017 Dec;26(6):1292–300.
McDonald, Mary Anne, et al. “Perspectives and Practices of Athletic Trainers and Team Physicians Implementing the 2010 NCAA Sickle Cell Trait Screening Policy.Journal of Genetic Counseling, vol. 26, no. 6, Dec. 2017, pp. 1292–300. Epmc, doi:10.1007/s10897-017-0107-6.
McDonald MA, Creary MS, Powell J, Daley L-A, Baker C, Royal CD. Perspectives and Practices of Athletic Trainers and Team Physicians Implementing the 2010 NCAA Sickle Cell Trait Screening Policy. Journal of genetic counseling. 2017 Dec;26(6):1292–1300.
Journal cover image

Published In

Journal of genetic counseling

DOI

EISSN

1573-3599

ISSN

1059-7700

Publication Date

December 2017

Volume

26

Issue

6

Start / End Page

1292 / 1300

Related Subject Headings

  • Young Adult
  • Universities
  • United States
  • Students
  • Sports Medicine
  • Sickle Cell Trait
  • North Carolina
  • Mass Screening
  • Male
  • Humans