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Closing the Mass Balance on Fluorine on Papers and Textiles.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Robel, AE; Marshall, K; Dickinson, M; Lunderberg, D; Butt, C; Peaslee, G; Stapleton, HM; Field, JA
Published in: Environmental science & technology
August 2017

Papers and textiles that are treated with per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are sources of human and environmental exposure. Data for individual PFASs, such as perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), are not placed into the context of total fluorine for papers and textiles. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) were used to quantify volatile and ionic PFASs, respectively, and the total oxidizable precursor (TOP) assay was used to quantify precursors that form perfluoroalkyl carboxylates. Molar sums of PFASs obtained by GC-MS, LC-MS/MS, and precursors were compared to total fluorine (nmol F/cm2) determined by particle-induced gamma ray emission (PIGE) spectroscopy, measured before and after extraction. Volatile and ionic PFASs and unknown precursors accounted for 0-2.2%, 0-0.41%, and 0.021-14%, respectively, of the total nmol F/cm2 determined by PIGE. After extraction, papers and textiles retained 64 ± 28% to 110 ± 30% of the original nmol F/cm2 as determined by PIGE, indicating that the majority of fluorine remains associated with the papers and textiles. The sum of PFASs in the volatile, ionic, and precursor fraction, and total fluorine after extraction indicate that mass balance was achieved (within analytical error) of the initial total fluorine measured by PIGE.

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Published In

Environmental science & technology

DOI

EISSN

1520-5851

ISSN

0013-936X

Publication Date

August 2017

Volume

51

Issue

16

Start / End Page

9022 / 9032

Related Subject Headings

  • Water Pollutants, Chemical
  • Textiles
  • Tandem Mass Spectrometry
  • Humans
  • Fluorocarbons
  • Fluorine
  • Environmental Sciences
  • Chromatography, Liquid
 

Citation

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Robel, A. E., Marshall, K., Dickinson, M., Lunderberg, D., Butt, C., Peaslee, G., … Field, J. A. (2017). Closing the Mass Balance on Fluorine on Papers and Textiles. Environmental Science & Technology, 51(16), 9022–9032. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.7b02080
Robel, Alix E., Kristin Marshall, Margaret Dickinson, David Lunderberg, Craig Butt, Graham Peaslee, Heather M. Stapleton, and Jennifer A. Field. “Closing the Mass Balance on Fluorine on Papers and Textiles.Environmental Science & Technology 51, no. 16 (August 2017): 9022–32. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.7b02080.
Robel AE, Marshall K, Dickinson M, Lunderberg D, Butt C, Peaslee G, et al. Closing the Mass Balance on Fluorine on Papers and Textiles. Environmental science & technology. 2017 Aug;51(16):9022–32.
Robel, Alix E., et al. “Closing the Mass Balance on Fluorine on Papers and Textiles.Environmental Science & Technology, vol. 51, no. 16, Aug. 2017, pp. 9022–32. Epmc, doi:10.1021/acs.est.7b02080.
Robel AE, Marshall K, Dickinson M, Lunderberg D, Butt C, Peaslee G, Stapleton HM, Field JA. Closing the Mass Balance on Fluorine on Papers and Textiles. Environmental science & technology. 2017 Aug;51(16):9022–9032.

Published In

Environmental science & technology

DOI

EISSN

1520-5851

ISSN

0013-936X

Publication Date

August 2017

Volume

51

Issue

16

Start / End Page

9022 / 9032

Related Subject Headings

  • Water Pollutants, Chemical
  • Textiles
  • Tandem Mass Spectrometry
  • Humans
  • Fluorocarbons
  • Fluorine
  • Environmental Sciences
  • Chromatography, Liquid