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In the eye of the beholder: Perceptions of neighborhood adversity and psychotic experiences in adolescence.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Newbury, JB; Arseneault, L; Caspi, A; Moffitt, TE; Odgers, CL; Baldwin, JR; Zavos, HMS; Fisher, HL
Published in: Development and psychopathology
December 2017

Adolescent psychotic experiences increase risk for schizophrenia and other severe psychopathology in adulthood. Converging evidence implicates urban and adverse neighborhood conditions in the etiology of adolescent psychotic experiences, but the role of young people's personal perceptions of disorder (i.e., physical and social signs of threat) in their neighborhood is unknown. This was examined using data from the Environmental Risk Longitudinal Twin Study, a nationally representative birth cohort of 2,232 British twins. Participants were interviewed at age 18 about psychotic phenomena and perceptions of disorder in the neighborhood. Multilevel, longitudinal, and genetically sensitive analyses investigated the association between perceptions of neighborhood disorder and adolescent psychotic experiences. Adolescents who perceived higher levels of neighborhood disorder were significantly more likely to have psychotic experiences, even after accounting for objectively/independently measured levels of crime and disorder, neighborhood- and family-level socioeconomic status, family psychiatric history, adolescent substance and mood problems, and childhood psychotic symptoms: odds ratio = 1.62, 95% confidence interval [1.27, 2.05], p < .001. The phenotypic overlap between adolescent psychotic experiences and perceptions of neighborhood disorder was explained by overlapping common environmental influences, rC = .88, 95% confidence interval [0.26, 1.00]. Findings suggest that early psychological interventions to prevent adolescent psychotic experiences should explore the role of young people's (potentially modifiable) perceptions of threatening neighborhood conditions.

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Published In

Development and psychopathology

DOI

EISSN

1469-2198

ISSN

0954-5794

Publication Date

December 2017

Volume

29

Issue

5

Start / End Page

1823 / 1837

Related Subject Headings

  • Young Adult
  • Wales
  • Urbanization
  • Twins, Monozygotic
  • Twins, Dizygotic
  • Twins
  • Social Class
  • Schizophrenic Psychology
  • Schizophrenia
  • Residence Characteristics
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Newbury, J. B., Arseneault, L., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., Odgers, C. L., Baldwin, J. R., … Fisher, H. L. (2017). In the eye of the beholder: Perceptions of neighborhood adversity and psychotic experiences in adolescence. Development and Psychopathology, 29(5), 1823–1837. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0954579417001420
Newbury, Joanne B., Louise Arseneault, Avshalom Caspi, Terrie E. Moffitt, Candice L. Odgers, Jessie R. Baldwin, Helena M. S. Zavos, and Helen L. Fisher. “In the eye of the beholder: Perceptions of neighborhood adversity and psychotic experiences in adolescence.Development and Psychopathology 29, no. 5 (December 2017): 1823–37. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0954579417001420.
Newbury JB, Arseneault L, Caspi A, Moffitt TE, Odgers CL, Baldwin JR, et al. In the eye of the beholder: Perceptions of neighborhood adversity and psychotic experiences in adolescence. Development and psychopathology. 2017 Dec;29(5):1823–37.
Newbury, Joanne B., et al. “In the eye of the beholder: Perceptions of neighborhood adversity and psychotic experiences in adolescence.Development and Psychopathology, vol. 29, no. 5, Dec. 2017, pp. 1823–37. Epmc, doi:10.1017/s0954579417001420.
Newbury JB, Arseneault L, Caspi A, Moffitt TE, Odgers CL, Baldwin JR, Zavos HMS, Fisher HL. In the eye of the beholder: Perceptions of neighborhood adversity and psychotic experiences in adolescence. Development and psychopathology. 2017 Dec;29(5):1823–1837.
Journal cover image

Published In

Development and psychopathology

DOI

EISSN

1469-2198

ISSN

0954-5794

Publication Date

December 2017

Volume

29

Issue

5

Start / End Page

1823 / 1837

Related Subject Headings

  • Young Adult
  • Wales
  • Urbanization
  • Twins, Monozygotic
  • Twins, Dizygotic
  • Twins
  • Social Class
  • Schizophrenic Psychology
  • Schizophrenia
  • Residence Characteristics