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Longitudinal Patterns and Predictors of Depression Trajectories Related to the 2014 Occupy Central/Umbrella Movement in Hong Kong.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Ni, MY; Li, TK; Pang, H; Chan, BHY; Kawachi, I; Viswanath, K; Schooling, CM; Leung, GM
Published in: Am J Public Health
April 2017

OBJECTIVES: To examine the longitudinal patterns and predictors of depression trajectories before, during, and after Hong Kong's 2014 Occupy Central/Umbrella Movement. METHODS: In a prospective study, between March 2009 and November 2015, we interviewed 1170 adults randomly sampled from the population-representative FAMILY Cohort. We used the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 to assess depressive symptoms and probable major depression. We investigated pre-event and time-varying predictors of depressive symptoms. RESULTS: We identified 4 trajectories: resistant (22.6% of sample), resilient (37.0%), mild depressive symptoms (32.5%), and persistent moderate depression (8.0%). Baseline predictors that appeared to protect against persistent moderate depression included higher household income (odds ratio [OR] = 0.18; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.06, 0.56), greater psychological resilience (OR = 0.63; 95% CI = 0.48, 0.82), more family harmony (OR = 0.68; 95% CI = 0.56, 0.83), higher family support (OR = 0.80; 95% CI = 0.69, 0.92), better self-rated health (OR = 0.28; 95% CI = 0.16, 0.49), and fewer depressive symptoms (OR = 0.59; 95% CI = 0.43, 0.81). CONCLUSIONS: Depression trajectories after a major protest are comparable to those after major population events. Health care professionals should be aware of the mental health consequences during and after social movements, particularly among individuals lacking social support.

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Published In

Am J Public Health

DOI

EISSN

1541-0048

Publication Date

April 2017

Volume

107

Issue

4

Start / End Page

593 / 600

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Social Support
  • Social Problems
  • Social Participation
  • Risk Factors
  • Resilience, Psychological
  • Public Health
  • Prospective Studies
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Middle Aged
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Ni, M. Y., Li, T. K., Pang, H., Chan, B. H. Y., Kawachi, I., Viswanath, K., … Leung, G. M. (2017). Longitudinal Patterns and Predictors of Depression Trajectories Related to the 2014 Occupy Central/Umbrella Movement in Hong Kong. Am J Public Health, 107(4), 593–600. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2016.303651
Ni, Michael Y., Tom K. Li, Herbert Pang, Brandford H. Y. Chan, Ichiro Kawachi, Kasisomayajula Viswanath, Catherine Mary Schooling, and Gabriel Matthew Leung. “Longitudinal Patterns and Predictors of Depression Trajectories Related to the 2014 Occupy Central/Umbrella Movement in Hong Kong.Am J Public Health 107, no. 4 (April 2017): 593–600. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2016.303651.
Ni MY, Li TK, Pang H, Chan BHY, Kawachi I, Viswanath K, et al. Longitudinal Patterns and Predictors of Depression Trajectories Related to the 2014 Occupy Central/Umbrella Movement in Hong Kong. Am J Public Health. 2017 Apr;107(4):593–600.
Ni, Michael Y., et al. “Longitudinal Patterns and Predictors of Depression Trajectories Related to the 2014 Occupy Central/Umbrella Movement in Hong Kong.Am J Public Health, vol. 107, no. 4, Apr. 2017, pp. 593–600. Pubmed, doi:10.2105/AJPH.2016.303651.
Ni MY, Li TK, Pang H, Chan BHY, Kawachi I, Viswanath K, Schooling CM, Leung GM. Longitudinal Patterns and Predictors of Depression Trajectories Related to the 2014 Occupy Central/Umbrella Movement in Hong Kong. Am J Public Health. 2017 Apr;107(4):593–600.

Published In

Am J Public Health

DOI

EISSN

1541-0048

Publication Date

April 2017

Volume

107

Issue

4

Start / End Page

593 / 600

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Social Support
  • Social Problems
  • Social Participation
  • Risk Factors
  • Resilience, Psychological
  • Public Health
  • Prospective Studies
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Middle Aged