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Graphical displays of patient-reported outcomes (PRO) for use in clinical practice: What makes a pro picture worth a thousand words?

Publication ,  Journal Article
Bantug, ET; Coles, T; Smith, KC; Snyder, CF; Rouette, J; Brundage, MD; PRO Data Presentation Stakeholder Advisory Board,
Published in: Patient Educ Couns
April 2016

UNLABELLED: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) report patients' assessments of the impact of a health condition and its treatment, and can promote patient-centered care. OBJECTIVES: To address the effectiveness of graphic display of PRO data in clinical practice by reviewing existing literature, and current recommendations, regarding graphic presentations of PROs. METHODS: We performed an integrated literature review to identify themes and emerging principles guiding effective graphic display of PRO data. The findings were placed in the context of the literature informing graphical presentation of other clinical data. RESULTS: Although a large body of literature informs graphical presentation of clinical data, only nine empirical studies addressed presentation of PROs. Four major themes emerged: many patients and most clinicians can accurately interpret some PRO graphs; interpretation accuracy, personal preference, and perceived level of understanding are sometimes discordant; patient age and education may predict PRO graph comprehension; patients tend to prefer simpler graphs than do clinicians. CONCLUSIONS: Little empirical research specifically addresses graphic representation of PRO data. A single format may not work optimally for both clinicians and patients. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Patients and clinicians may or may not comprehend PRO data when graphically presented. Further research to determine best practices for presenting PROs optimally is needed.

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Published In

Patient Educ Couns

DOI

EISSN

1873-5134

Publication Date

April 2016

Volume

99

Issue

4

Start / End Page

483 / 490

Location

Ireland

Related Subject Headings

  • Public Health
  • Patient-Centered Care
  • Patient Outcome Assessment
  • Humans
  • Data Display
  • Comprehension
  • 4203 Health services and systems
  • 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
  • 11 Medical and Health Sciences
 

Citation

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ICMJE
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Bantug, E. T., Coles, T., Smith, K. C., Snyder, C. F., Rouette, J., Brundage, M. D., & PRO Data Presentation Stakeholder Advisory Board, . (2016). Graphical displays of patient-reported outcomes (PRO) for use in clinical practice: What makes a pro picture worth a thousand words? Patient Educ Couns, 99(4), 483–490. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2015.10.027
Bantug, Elissa T., Theresa Coles, Katherine C. Smith, Claire F. Snyder, Julie Rouette, Michael D. Brundage, and Michael D. PRO Data Presentation Stakeholder Advisory Board. “Graphical displays of patient-reported outcomes (PRO) for use in clinical practice: What makes a pro picture worth a thousand words?Patient Educ Couns 99, no. 4 (April 2016): 483–90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2015.10.027.
Bantug ET, Coles T, Smith KC, Snyder CF, Rouette J, Brundage MD, et al. Graphical displays of patient-reported outcomes (PRO) for use in clinical practice: What makes a pro picture worth a thousand words? Patient Educ Couns. 2016 Apr;99(4):483–90.
Bantug, Elissa T., et al. “Graphical displays of patient-reported outcomes (PRO) for use in clinical practice: What makes a pro picture worth a thousand words?Patient Educ Couns, vol. 99, no. 4, Apr. 2016, pp. 483–90. Pubmed, doi:10.1016/j.pec.2015.10.027.
Bantug ET, Coles T, Smith KC, Snyder CF, Rouette J, Brundage MD, PRO Data Presentation Stakeholder Advisory Board. Graphical displays of patient-reported outcomes (PRO) for use in clinical practice: What makes a pro picture worth a thousand words? Patient Educ Couns. 2016 Apr;99(4):483–490.
Journal cover image

Published In

Patient Educ Couns

DOI

EISSN

1873-5134

Publication Date

April 2016

Volume

99

Issue

4

Start / End Page

483 / 490

Location

Ireland

Related Subject Headings

  • Public Health
  • Patient-Centered Care
  • Patient Outcome Assessment
  • Humans
  • Data Display
  • Comprehension
  • 4203 Health services and systems
  • 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
  • 11 Medical and Health Sciences