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Gender trends in gynecologic oncology authorship: Implications for the critical evaluation of gender distribution in academic rank and leadership positions.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Salinaro, JR; Puechl, AM; Havrilesky, LJ; Davidson, BA
Published in: Gynecol Oncol
December 2018

OBJECTIVE: To investigate trends in the representation of women as first, last, or co-authors in Gynecologic Oncology (GO) publications over the past 15 years. To compare rates of female authorship in GO versus general Obstetrics and Gynecology (Ob/Gyn) and with the gender distribution of membership in the Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO). METHODS: Gender was determined for first and last authors of GO publications from three major journals for 2000, 2005, 2010, and 2015. The Z test was used to assess differences in proportions of female authors between 2000 and 2015 and first versus last female authors in each year. GO authorship trends were compared to those of general Ob/Gyn and new and total membership in SGO using the chi squared test. RESULTS: 1815 publications were included. Percentages of female first, last, and co-authors increased over time (p < 0.001), reaching 52%, 39%, and 23%, respectively, by 2015. Fewer women were listed as last than as first authors at each time point (p < 0.01). Proportions of female authors in general Ob/Gyn exceeded those of GO. Women comprised a growing proportion of both new and total SGO members over time (p < 0.01). New female SGO membership outpaced rates of female GO authorship, but GO female first authorship surpassed total female SGO membership (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Women comprise a growing proportion of GO providers and SGO members and have become increasingly productive in academic GO. Differences in publication authorship alone cannot account for gender disparities in the distribution of academic rank and leadership positions in the field.

Duke Scholars

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Published In

Gynecol Oncol

DOI

EISSN

1095-6859

Publication Date

December 2018

Volume

151

Issue

3

Start / End Page

542 / 546

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Oncology & Carcinogenesis
  • Leadership
  • Humans
  • Gynecology
  • Gender Identity
  • 3215 Reproductive medicine
  • 3211 Oncology and carcinogenesis
  • 3202 Clinical sciences
  • 1114 Paediatrics and Reproductive Medicine
  • 1112 Oncology and Carcinogenesis
 

Citation

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Salinaro, J. R., Puechl, A. M., Havrilesky, L. J., & Davidson, B. A. (2018). Gender trends in gynecologic oncology authorship: Implications for the critical evaluation of gender distribution in academic rank and leadership positions. Gynecol Oncol, 151(3), 542–546. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ygyno.2018.10.009
Salinaro, Julia R., Allison M. Puechl, Laura J. Havrilesky, and Brittany A. Davidson. “Gender trends in gynecologic oncology authorship: Implications for the critical evaluation of gender distribution in academic rank and leadership positions.Gynecol Oncol 151, no. 3 (December 2018): 542–46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ygyno.2018.10.009.
Salinaro, Julia R., et al. “Gender trends in gynecologic oncology authorship: Implications for the critical evaluation of gender distribution in academic rank and leadership positions.Gynecol Oncol, vol. 151, no. 3, Dec. 2018, pp. 542–46. Pubmed, doi:10.1016/j.ygyno.2018.10.009.
Journal cover image

Published In

Gynecol Oncol

DOI

EISSN

1095-6859

Publication Date

December 2018

Volume

151

Issue

3

Start / End Page

542 / 546

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Oncology & Carcinogenesis
  • Leadership
  • Humans
  • Gynecology
  • Gender Identity
  • 3215 Reproductive medicine
  • 3211 Oncology and carcinogenesis
  • 3202 Clinical sciences
  • 1114 Paediatrics and Reproductive Medicine
  • 1112 Oncology and Carcinogenesis