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Educational differences in the compression of disability incidence in the United States.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Chiu, C-T; Hayward, MD; Chan, A; Matchar, DB
Published in: SSM Popul Health
April 2019

OBJECTIVE: To examine educational differences in the compression of disability incidence in the United States. METHOD: We use the Health and Retirement Study and techniques of microsimulation and bootstrap to estimate the distribution of mortality and disability incidence for major education groups. RESULTS: Higher education is associated with a right shift in the age distributions of both mortality and disability incidence, and more compressed distributions above the modal ages (p<0.05). Our study also points to gender differences in the association between education and compression of mortality and disability incidence (p<0.05). DISCUSSION: To our knowledge, no prior studies have examined educational difference in compression of disability incidence and conducted formal tests for statistical significance. Educational differences in life span variation in mortality correspond closely with life span variation in disability incidence. One long-range implication of this work is growing inequality in life-span variation in disability incidence given trends in educational differences in life-span variation in mortality.

Duke Scholars

Published In

SSM Popul Health

DOI

ISSN

2352-8273

Publication Date

April 2019

Volume

7

Start / End Page

100347

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • 4410 Sociology
  • 4206 Public health
  • 4202 Epidemiology
  • 1117 Public Health and Health Services
 

Citation

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Chiu, C.-T., Hayward, M. D., Chan, A., & Matchar, D. B. (2019). Educational differences in the compression of disability incidence in the United States. SSM Popul Health, 7, 100347. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2018.100347
Chiu, Chi-Tsun, Mark D. Hayward, Angelique Chan, and David B. Matchar. “Educational differences in the compression of disability incidence in the United States.SSM Popul Health 7 (April 2019): 100347. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2018.100347.
Chiu C-T, Hayward MD, Chan A, Matchar DB. Educational differences in the compression of disability incidence in the United States. SSM Popul Health. 2019 Apr;7:100347.
Chiu, Chi-Tsun, et al. “Educational differences in the compression of disability incidence in the United States.SSM Popul Health, vol. 7, Apr. 2019, p. 100347. Pubmed, doi:10.1016/j.ssmph.2018.100347.
Chiu C-T, Hayward MD, Chan A, Matchar DB. Educational differences in the compression of disability incidence in the United States. SSM Popul Health. 2019 Apr;7:100347.
Journal cover image

Published In

SSM Popul Health

DOI

ISSN

2352-8273

Publication Date

April 2019

Volume

7

Start / End Page

100347

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • 4410 Sociology
  • 4206 Public health
  • 4202 Epidemiology
  • 1117 Public Health and Health Services