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Linking Genes to Cardiovascular Diseases: Gene Action and Gene-Environment Interactions.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Pasipoularides, A
Published in: J Cardiovasc Transl Res
December 2015

A unique myocardial characteristic is its ability to grow/remodel in order to adapt; this is determined partly by genes and partly by the environment and the milieu intérieur. In the "post-genomic" era, a need is emerging to elucidate the physiologic functions of myocardial genes, as well as potential adaptive and maladaptive modulations induced by environmental/epigenetic factors. Genome sequencing and analysis advances have become exponential lately, with escalation of our knowledge concerning sometimes controversial genetic underpinnings of cardiovascular diseases. Current technologies can identify candidate genes variously involved in diverse normal/abnormal morphomechanical phenotypes, and offer insights into multiple genetic factors implicated in complex cardiovascular syndromes. The expression profiles of thousands of genes are regularly ascertained under diverse conditions. Global analyses of gene expression levels are useful for cataloging genes and correlated phenotypes, and for elucidating the role of genes in maladies. Comparative expression of gene networks coupled to complex disorders can contribute insights as to how "modifier genes" influence the expressed phenotypes. Increasingly, a more comprehensive and detailed systematic understanding of genetic abnormalities underlying, for example, various genetic cardiomyopathies is emerging. Implementing genomic findings in cardiology practice may well lead directly to better diagnosing and therapeutics. There is currently evolving a strong appreciation for the value of studying gene anomalies, and doing so in a non-disjointed, cohesive manner. However, it is challenging for many-practitioners and investigators-to comprehend, interpret, and utilize the clinically increasingly accessible and affordable cardiovascular genomics studies. This survey addresses the need for fundamental understanding in this vital area.

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Published In

J Cardiovasc Transl Res

DOI

EISSN

1937-5395

Publication Date

December 2015

Volume

8

Issue

9

Start / End Page

506 / 527

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Phenotype
  • Mutation
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Genotype
  • Genomics
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Gene-Environment Interaction
  • Gene Regulatory Networks
 

Citation

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ICMJE
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Pasipoularides, A. (2015). Linking Genes to Cardiovascular Diseases: Gene Action and Gene-Environment Interactions. J Cardiovasc Transl Res, 8(9), 506–527. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12265-015-9658-9
Pasipoularides, Ares. “Linking Genes to Cardiovascular Diseases: Gene Action and Gene-Environment Interactions.J Cardiovasc Transl Res 8, no. 9 (December 2015): 506–27. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12265-015-9658-9.
Pasipoularides A. Linking Genes to Cardiovascular Diseases: Gene Action and Gene-Environment Interactions. J Cardiovasc Transl Res. 2015 Dec;8(9):506–27.
Pasipoularides, Ares. “Linking Genes to Cardiovascular Diseases: Gene Action and Gene-Environment Interactions.J Cardiovasc Transl Res, vol. 8, no. 9, Dec. 2015, pp. 506–27. Pubmed, doi:10.1007/s12265-015-9658-9.
Pasipoularides A. Linking Genes to Cardiovascular Diseases: Gene Action and Gene-Environment Interactions. J Cardiovasc Transl Res. 2015 Dec;8(9):506–527.
Journal cover image

Published In

J Cardiovasc Transl Res

DOI

EISSN

1937-5395

Publication Date

December 2015

Volume

8

Issue

9

Start / End Page

506 / 527

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Phenotype
  • Mutation
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Genotype
  • Genomics
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Gene-Environment Interaction
  • Gene Regulatory Networks