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Boda Bodas and Road Traffic Injuries in Uganda: An Overview of Traffic Safety Trends from 2009 to 2017.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Vaca, SD; Feng, AY; Ku, S; Jin, MC; Kakusa, BW; Ho, AL; Zhang, M; Fuller, A; Haglund, MM; Grant, G
Published in: Int J Environ Res Public Health
March 22, 2020

INTRODUCTION: Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are an important contributor to the morbidity and mortality of developing countries. In Uganda, motorcycle taxis, known as boda bodas, are responsible for a growing proportion of RTIs. This study seeks to evaluate and comment on traffic safety trends from the past decade. METHODS: Traffic reports from the Ugandan police force (2009 to 2017) were analyzed for RTI characteristics. Furthermore, one month of casualty ward data in 2015 and 2018 was collected from the Mulago National Referral Hospital and reviewed for casualty demographics and trauma type. RESULTS: RTI motorcycle contribution rose steadily from 2009 to 2017 (24.5% to 33.9%). While the total number of crashes dropped from 22,461 to 13,244 between 2010 and 2017, the proportion of fatal RTIs increased from 14.7% to 22.2%. In the casualty ward, RTIs accounted for a greater proportion of patients and traumas in 2018 compared to 2015 (10%/41% and 36%/64%, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Although RTIs have seen a gross reduction in Uganda, they have become more deadly, with greater motorcycle involvement. Hospital data demonstrate a rising need for trauma and neurosurgical care to manage greater RTI patient burden. Combining RTI prevention and care pathway improvements may mitigate current RTI trends.

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Published In

Int J Environ Res Public Health

DOI

EISSN

1660-4601

Publication Date

March 22, 2020

Volume

17

Issue

6

Location

Switzerland

Related Subject Headings

  • Wounds and Injuries
  • Uganda
  • Toxicology
  • Police
  • Motorcycles
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Hospitals
  • Female
  • Adult
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Vaca, S. D., Feng, A. Y., Ku, S., Jin, M. C., Kakusa, B. W., Ho, A. L., … Grant, G. (2020). Boda Bodas and Road Traffic Injuries in Uganda: An Overview of Traffic Safety Trends from 2009 to 2017. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 17(6). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17062110
Vaca, Silvia D., Austin Y. Feng, Seul Ku, Michael C. Jin, Bina W. Kakusa, Allen L. Ho, Michael Zhang, Anthony Fuller, Michael M. Haglund, and Gerald Grant. “Boda Bodas and Road Traffic Injuries in Uganda: An Overview of Traffic Safety Trends from 2009 to 2017.Int J Environ Res Public Health 17, no. 6 (March 22, 2020). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17062110.
Vaca SD, Feng AY, Ku S, Jin MC, Kakusa BW, Ho AL, et al. Boda Bodas and Road Traffic Injuries in Uganda: An Overview of Traffic Safety Trends from 2009 to 2017. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Mar 22;17(6).
Vaca, Silvia D., et al. “Boda Bodas and Road Traffic Injuries in Uganda: An Overview of Traffic Safety Trends from 2009 to 2017.Int J Environ Res Public Health, vol. 17, no. 6, Mar. 2020. Pubmed, doi:10.3390/ijerph17062110.
Vaca SD, Feng AY, Ku S, Jin MC, Kakusa BW, Ho AL, Zhang M, Fuller A, Haglund MM, Grant G. Boda Bodas and Road Traffic Injuries in Uganda: An Overview of Traffic Safety Trends from 2009 to 2017. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Mar 22;17(6).

Published In

Int J Environ Res Public Health

DOI

EISSN

1660-4601

Publication Date

March 22, 2020

Volume

17

Issue

6

Location

Switzerland

Related Subject Headings

  • Wounds and Injuries
  • Uganda
  • Toxicology
  • Police
  • Motorcycles
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Hospitals
  • Female
  • Adult