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Surface Contamination With Antineoplastic Drugs on Two Inpatient Oncology Units.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Walton, A; Bush, MA; Douglas, C; Allen, DH; Polovich, M; Spasojevic, I
Published in: Oncol Nurs Forum
May 1, 2020

OBJECTIVES: To measure surface contamination with antineoplastic drugs on inpatient oncology units and to characterize nursing staff personal protective equipment (PPE) use and factors that predict this use. SAMPLE & SETTING: A descriptive pilot study of two inpatient oncology units at Duke University Hospital in Durham, North Carolina, administering etoposide and cyclophosphamide. METHODS & VARIABLES: Surfaces in four patient rooms and select shared areas were swabbed with methanol, acetonitrile, and water. Samples were analyzed by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Nursing staff (N = 27) answered questions about their demographics, PPE use, and factors that influence PPE use via online survey. RESULTS: Contamination with cyclophosphamide and etoposide was detectable and quantifiable in 61% and 31% of surfaces tested, respectively. Nursing staff reported suboptimal use of PPE when administering, disposing, and handling excreta of patients. Workplace safety climate was predictive of PPE use. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: The potential for contamination with antineoplastic drugs in inpatient oncology units presents exposure risks for healthcare workers, patients, family members, and visitors. Future research and interventions to limit exposure and increase routine surface sampling should focus on those areas of greatest contamination, including toilet seats, a prominent finding from the current study.

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Published In

Oncol Nurs Forum

DOI

EISSN

1538-0688

Publication Date

May 1, 2020

Volume

47

Issue

3

Start / End Page

263 / 272

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Workplace
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Safety Management
  • Oncology Service, Hospital
  • Occupational Exposure
  • Nursing
  • North Carolina
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Humans
 

Citation

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Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Walton, A., Bush, M. A., Douglas, C., Allen, D. H., Polovich, M., & Spasojevic, I. (2020). Surface Contamination With Antineoplastic Drugs on Two Inpatient Oncology Units. Oncol Nurs Forum, 47(3), 263–272. https://doi.org/10.1188/20.ONF.263-272
Walton, AnnMarie, Margaret A. Bush, Christian Douglas, Deborah H. Allen, Martha Polovich, and Ivan Spasojevic. “Surface Contamination With Antineoplastic Drugs on Two Inpatient Oncology Units.Oncol Nurs Forum 47, no. 3 (May 1, 2020): 263–72. https://doi.org/10.1188/20.ONF.263-272.
Walton A, Bush MA, Douglas C, Allen DH, Polovich M, Spasojevic I. Surface Contamination With Antineoplastic Drugs on Two Inpatient Oncology Units. Oncol Nurs Forum. 2020 May 1;47(3):263–72.
Walton, AnnMarie, et al. “Surface Contamination With Antineoplastic Drugs on Two Inpatient Oncology Units.Oncol Nurs Forum, vol. 47, no. 3, May 2020, pp. 263–72. Pubmed, doi:10.1188/20.ONF.263-272.
Walton A, Bush MA, Douglas C, Allen DH, Polovich M, Spasojevic I. Surface Contamination With Antineoplastic Drugs on Two Inpatient Oncology Units. Oncol Nurs Forum. 2020 May 1;47(3):263–272.

Published In

Oncol Nurs Forum

DOI

EISSN

1538-0688

Publication Date

May 1, 2020

Volume

47

Issue

3

Start / End Page

263 / 272

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Workplace
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Safety Management
  • Oncology Service, Hospital
  • Occupational Exposure
  • Nursing
  • North Carolina
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Humans