Corynebacterium Total Hip and Knee Arthroplasy Prosthetic Joint Infections.
Prosthetic joint infections (PJIs) are typically caused by Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative Staphylococci species. Corynebacterium species are microorganisms of the human skin and mucous membranes that are often considered contaminants when grown in culture. In the past, Corynebacterium species were often classified as diphtheroids based on growing as gram-positive rods in aerobic environments, but with advances in technology, the identification of Corynebacterium species has improved. Corynebacterium can cause infection, but there are few case reports of orthopaedic infection. We present 3 cases of total hip arthroplasty and 3 cases of total knee arthroplasty PJI caused by Corynebacterium species. We found a high failure rate of surgical treatment of Corynebacterium PJI, defined as reoperation for infection. This information adds to the limited literature on these organisms in total joint arthroplasty PJI.