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Different social motives in the gestural communication of chimpanzees and human children.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Bullinger, AF; Zimmermann, F; Kaminski, J; Tomasello, M
Published in: Developmental science
January 2011

Both chimpanzees and human infants use the pointing gesture with human adults, but it is not clear if they are doing so for the same social motives. In two studies, we presented chimpanzees and human 25-month-olds with the opportunity to point for a hidden tool (in the presence of a non-functional distractor). In one condition it was clear that the tool would be used to retrieve a reward for the pointing subject (so the pointing was selfish or 'for-me'), whereas in the other condition it was clear that the tool would be used to retrieve the reward for the experimenter (so the pointing was helpful or 'for-you'). The chimpanzees pointed reliably only when they themselves benefited, whereas the human children pointed reliably no matter who benefited. These results are interpreted as evidence for the especially cooperative nature of human communication.

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Published In

Developmental science

DOI

EISSN

1467-7687

ISSN

1363-755X

Publication Date

January 2011

Volume

14

Issue

1

Start / End Page

58 / 68

Related Subject Headings

  • Reward
  • Pan troglodytes
  • Nonverbal Communication
  • Motivation
  • Manual Communication
  • Male
  • Intention
  • Humans
  • Gestures
  • Female
 

Citation

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Bullinger, A. F., Zimmermann, F., Kaminski, J., & Tomasello, M. (2011). Different social motives in the gestural communication of chimpanzees and human children. Developmental Science, 14(1), 58–68. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7687.2010.00952.x
Bullinger, Anke F., Felizitas Zimmermann, Juliane Kaminski, and Michael Tomasello. “Different social motives in the gestural communication of chimpanzees and human children.Developmental Science 14, no. 1 (January 2011): 58–68. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7687.2010.00952.x.
Bullinger AF, Zimmermann F, Kaminski J, Tomasello M. Different social motives in the gestural communication of chimpanzees and human children. Developmental science. 2011 Jan;14(1):58–68.
Bullinger, Anke F., et al. “Different social motives in the gestural communication of chimpanzees and human children.Developmental Science, vol. 14, no. 1, Jan. 2011, pp. 58–68. Epmc, doi:10.1111/j.1467-7687.2010.00952.x.
Bullinger AF, Zimmermann F, Kaminski J, Tomasello M. Different social motives in the gestural communication of chimpanzees and human children. Developmental science. 2011 Jan;14(1):58–68.
Journal cover image

Published In

Developmental science

DOI

EISSN

1467-7687

ISSN

1363-755X

Publication Date

January 2011

Volume

14

Issue

1

Start / End Page

58 / 68

Related Subject Headings

  • Reward
  • Pan troglodytes
  • Nonverbal Communication
  • Motivation
  • Manual Communication
  • Male
  • Intention
  • Humans
  • Gestures
  • Female