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Updated Analysis of Bellini, a Phase 3 Study of Venetoclax or Placebo in Combination with Bortezomib and Dexamethasone in Patients with Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma

Publication ,  Conference
Moreau, P; Harrison, S; Cavo, M; De La Rubia, J; Popat, R; Gasparetto, C; Hungria, VTM; Salwender, H; Suzuki, K; Kim, I; Gay, F; Mikala, G ...
Published in: Blood
November 13, 2019

Background: Venetoclax (Ven) is a highly selective, potent, oral BCL-2 inhibitor that induces apoptosis in multiple myeloma (MM) cells and has shown synergistic activity with the proteasome inhibitor (PI) bortezomib (B) and dexamethasone (d). Ven ± d had encouraging clinical efficacy in both t(11;14) MM and in pts irrespective of genetic background when administered with B, with a tolerable safety profile in Phase 1 studies. Here, we provide updated efficacy and safety of Ven vs placebo (Pbo) + Bd in pts with relapsed/refractory (RR) MM, including subgroup analyses, in the BELLINI study.Methods: BELLINI (NCT02755597) was a Phase 3, randomized, double-blind, multicenter study of Ven or Pbo + Bd in pts with RRMM who received 1 - 3 prior therapies and were either sensitive or naïve to PIs. Pts were randomized 2:1 to receive Ven 800 mg/day or Pbo + Bd. Cycles 1-8 were 21-day with B 1.3 mg/m2 on Days 1, 4, 8, 11 + d 20 mg on Days 1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 9, 11, 12. Cycles 9+ were 35-day with B 1.3 mg/m2 on Days 1, 8, 15, 22 + d 20 mg Day 1, 2, 8, 9, 15, 16, 22, 23. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS) by independent review committee (IRC).Results: A total of 291 pts were randomized, 194 to the Ven arm and 97 to the Pbo arm. Median age was 66 (range, 36 - 87); 53% had ISS II/III disease; 54% received 2 or 3 prior lines of therapy; 59% had prior stem cell transplant; 70% had prior PI, 68% had prior immunomodulatory drug, 41% had both. Among pts with evaluable results, 18% had high-risk cytogenetics, 13% had MM positive for t(11;14), and 79% had high levels of BCL-2 protein by immunohistochemistry (IHC).In the primary endpoint analysis per IRC, the median PFS was 22.4 months (m) in Ven vs 11.5 m in Pbo (HR=0.630, p=0.01), with a median follow-up of 18.7 m (as of 26 Nov 2018). As of updated analysis based on a data cut-off of 18 March 2019, the median PFS (per investigator [INV]) was 22.9 m in Ven vs 11.4 m in Pbo (HR=0.587, p=0.001; Table 1), with a median follow-up of 22.7 m. Per INV, higher overall response (ORR, 84% vs 70%, p=0.009) and very good partial or better response (≥VGPR, 61% vs 40%, p<0.001; Table 2) rates were observed in Ven vs Pbo. Minimal residual disease negativity rate (by next-generation sequencing) was also higher in the Ven arm vs Pbo (MRD- [10-5], 13% vs 1%). Median duration of response was 23.4 m for Ven and 12.8 m for Pbo. In the overall population, median overall survival (OS) was not reached in either arm but continued to favor Pbo (HR 1.474, 95% CI=0.870-2.498). A total of 70 deaths have been reported, 51 (26%) in the Ven arm and 19 (20%) in the Pbo arm.In the safety population (N=289), the most common treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs; Ven/Pbo) were diarrhea (59%/48%), nausea (37%/22%), constipation (35%/31%), and fatigue (31%/32%). The most common Grade 3/4 TEAEs were neutropenia (18%/8%), pneumonia (17%/12%), anemia (16%/15%), thrombocytopenia (15%/30%), and diarrhea (15%/12%); 23%/12% discontinued Ven due to a TEAE. The rates of serious AEs (51%/51%) and serious infections (30%/28%) were comparable between arms. There were 69 deaths in the safety population: in the Ven arm, 14 were treatment-emergent (TE; treatment start to 30 days after discontinuation) and 36 were non-TE (>30 days after treatment discontinuation); in the Pbo arm, 1 was TE and 18 were non-TE.In the t(11;14) subgroup, median PFS has not been reached for pts receiving Ven, but was 9.3 m for Pbo (HR=0.095; per INV). In the t(11;14)-negative (neg) subgroup, median PFS was 22.4 m and 10.7 m for Ven and Pbo, respectively (HR=0.627; per INV). Median OS has not been reached in either arm for the t(11;14) and t(11;14)-neg subgroups, although the HR favored Ven in t(11;14) pts, and Pbo in t(11;14)-neg pts. Analyses indicate that low BCL-2 expression by IHC and high-risk cytogenetics (defined as t(4;14, t(14;16), or del(17p)) were associated with decreased PFS and OS in the Ven arm (Table 1). In the high-risk cytogenetics pts, median PFS was 11.4 m in both arms (HR=0.99), and median OS has not been reached in either arm but favors Pbo (HR=10.6). In the subgroup with low BCL-2 expression by IHC, median PFS was 11.7 m and 17.0 m for Ven and Pbo, respectively (HR=1.42), and median OS was 21.3 m in the Ven arm and not reached in Pbo (HR=4.58).Conclusions: Updated analysis of BELLINI continue to reflect a favorable benefit-risk profile in t(11;14) pts, with meaningful clinical responses and improvement in PFS, as well as a positive trend in OS in this subgroup when treated with Ven + Bd.

Duke Scholars

Published In

Blood

DOI

EISSN

1528-0020

ISSN

0006-4971

Publication Date

November 13, 2019

Volume

134

Issue

Supplement_1

Start / End Page

1888 / 1888

Publisher

American Society of Hematology

Related Subject Headings

  • Immunology
  • 3213 Paediatrics
  • 3201 Cardiovascular medicine and haematology
  • 3101 Biochemistry and cell biology
  • 1114 Paediatrics and Reproductive Medicine
  • 1103 Clinical Sciences
  • 1102 Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology
 

Citation

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Moreau, P., Harrison, S., Cavo, M., De La Rubia, J., Popat, R., Gasparetto, C., … Kumar, S. K. (2019). Updated Analysis of Bellini, a Phase 3 Study of Venetoclax or Placebo in Combination with Bortezomib and Dexamethasone in Patients with Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma. In Blood (Vol. 134, pp. 1888–1888). American Society of Hematology. https://doi.org/10.1182/blood-2019-126015
Moreau, Philippe, Simon Harrison, Michele Cavo, Javier De La Rubia, Rakesh Popat, Cristina Gasparetto, Vania T. M. Hungria, et al. “Updated Analysis of Bellini, a Phase 3 Study of Venetoclax or Placebo in Combination with Bortezomib and Dexamethasone in Patients with Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma.” In Blood, 134:1888–1888. American Society of Hematology, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1182/blood-2019-126015.
Moreau P, Harrison S, Cavo M, De La Rubia J, Popat R, Gasparetto C, et al. Updated Analysis of Bellini, a Phase 3 Study of Venetoclax or Placebo in Combination with Bortezomib and Dexamethasone in Patients with Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma. In: Blood. American Society of Hematology; 2019. p. 1888–1888.
Moreau, Philippe, et al. “Updated Analysis of Bellini, a Phase 3 Study of Venetoclax or Placebo in Combination with Bortezomib and Dexamethasone in Patients with Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma.” Blood, vol. 134, no. Supplement_1, American Society of Hematology, 2019, pp. 1888–1888. Crossref, doi:10.1182/blood-2019-126015.
Moreau P, Harrison S, Cavo M, De La Rubia J, Popat R, Gasparetto C, Hungria VTM, Salwender H, Suzuki K, Kim I, Gay F, Mikala G, Punnoose EA, Hong W-J, Sood A, Jalaluddin M, Ross JA, Ward JE, Maciag PC, Kumar SK. Updated Analysis of Bellini, a Phase 3 Study of Venetoclax or Placebo in Combination with Bortezomib and Dexamethasone in Patients with Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma. Blood. American Society of Hematology; 2019. p. 1888–1888.

Published In

Blood

DOI

EISSN

1528-0020

ISSN

0006-4971

Publication Date

November 13, 2019

Volume

134

Issue

Supplement_1

Start / End Page

1888 / 1888

Publisher

American Society of Hematology

Related Subject Headings

  • Immunology
  • 3213 Paediatrics
  • 3201 Cardiovascular medicine and haematology
  • 3101 Biochemistry and cell biology
  • 1114 Paediatrics and Reproductive Medicine
  • 1103 Clinical Sciences
  • 1102 Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology