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Childhood self-control forecasts the pace of midlife aging and preparedness for old age.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Richmond-Rakerd, LS; Caspi, A; Ambler, A; d'Arbeloff, T; de Bruine, M; Elliott, M; Harrington, H; Hogan, S; Houts, RM; Ireland, D; Keenan, R ...
Published in: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
January 2021

The ability to control one's own emotions, thoughts, and behaviors in early life predicts a range of positive outcomes in later life, including longevity. Does it also predict how well people age? We studied the association between self-control and midlife aging in a population-representative cohort of children followed from birth to age 45 y, the Dunedin Study. We measured children's self-control across their first decade of life using a multi-occasion/multi-informant strategy. We measured their pace of aging and aging preparedness in midlife using measures derived from biological and physiological assessments, structural brain-imaging scans, observer ratings, self-reports, informant reports, and administrative records. As adults, children with better self-control aged more slowly in their bodies and showed fewer signs of aging in their brains. By midlife, these children were also better equipped to manage a range of later-life health, financial, and social demands. Associations with children's self-control could be separated from their social class origins and intelligence, indicating that self-control might be an active ingredient in healthy aging. Children also shifted naturally in their level of self-control across adult life, suggesting the possibility that self-control may be a malleable target for intervention. Furthermore, individuals' self-control in adulthood was associated with their aging outcomes after accounting for their self-control in childhood, indicating that midlife might offer another window of opportunity to promote healthy aging.

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Published In

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

DOI

EISSN

1091-6490

ISSN

0027-8424

Publication Date

January 2021

Volume

118

Issue

3

Start / End Page

e2010211118

Related Subject Headings

  • Social Class
  • Self-Control
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Longevity
  • Intelligence
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Cohort Studies
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Richmond-Rakerd, L. S., Caspi, A., Ambler, A., d’Arbeloff, T., de Bruine, M., Elliott, M., … Moffitt, T. E. (2021). Childhood self-control forecasts the pace of midlife aging and preparedness for old age. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 118(3), e2010211118. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2010211118
Richmond-Rakerd, Leah S., Avshalom Caspi, Antony Ambler, Tracy d’Arbeloff, Marieke de Bruine, Maxwell Elliott, HonaLee Harrington, et al. “Childhood self-control forecasts the pace of midlife aging and preparedness for old age.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 118, no. 3 (January 2021): e2010211118. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2010211118.
Richmond-Rakerd LS, Caspi A, Ambler A, d’Arbeloff T, de Bruine M, Elliott M, et al. Childhood self-control forecasts the pace of midlife aging and preparedness for old age. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2021 Jan;118(3):e2010211118.
Richmond-Rakerd, Leah S., et al. “Childhood self-control forecasts the pace of midlife aging and preparedness for old age.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 118, no. 3, Jan. 2021, p. e2010211118. Epmc, doi:10.1073/pnas.2010211118.
Richmond-Rakerd LS, Caspi A, Ambler A, d’Arbeloff T, de Bruine M, Elliott M, Harrington H, Hogan S, Houts RM, Ireland D, Keenan R, Knodt AR, Melzer TR, Park S, Poulton R, Ramrakha S, Rasmussen LJH, Sack E, Schmidt AT, Sison ML, Wertz J, Hariri AR, Moffitt TE. Childhood self-control forecasts the pace of midlife aging and preparedness for old age. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2021 Jan;118(3):e2010211118.
Journal cover image

Published In

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

DOI

EISSN

1091-6490

ISSN

0027-8424

Publication Date

January 2021

Volume

118

Issue

3

Start / End Page

e2010211118

Related Subject Headings

  • Social Class
  • Self-Control
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Longevity
  • Intelligence
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Cohort Studies