Abstract 2502: Genetic and functional heterogeneity of DCIS as predictors of invasive cancer
Fortunato, A; Mallo, D; King, L; Hardman, T; Hall, A; Marks, JR; Hwang, SS; Maley, CC
Published in: Cancer Research
Genetic diversity both between and within individual tumors constitutes a challenge to personalized cancer medicine. Intra-tumor heterogeneity provides the genetic fuel for natural selection in clonal evolution and cancer progression. Tumors with high levels of genetic heterogeneity are hypothesized to be more likely to demonstrate aggressive behavior and progress to invasion and metastasis.We analyzed the mutational loads from separate areas of pure DCIS and compared this to genetic heterogeneity in DCIS lesions found adjacent to invasive and metastatic cancer. Two spatially distinct areas of DCIS from each case were macro-dissected and the DNA extracted from FFPE samples. To analyze the data, we developed new bioinformatics methods that allowed analysis of small amounts of degraded DNA extracted from FFPE samples across multiple regions. Our bioinformatics pipeline was optimized on a series of 28 independent technical replicates of the same DNA sample sequenced twice, as training tools to find the best filtering parameters.Whole exome sequencing was performed on each of the two geospatially separated samples for each case. Minimum coverage for inclusion in this study was 40X over at least 50% of the exome. We used the ratio of private mutations (only in 1 area) to public (found in both areas) mutations as a measure of intra-tumor heterogeneity.We present an approach to measure clonal heterogeneity using a bulk sequencing strategy applied to geospatially distinct foci of DCIS. We found statistically significant difference between DCIS adjacent to invasive disease and metastatic patients' genetic divergence (t-test, p=0.013). Our findings suggest that genetic and functional heterogeneity may play an important evolutionary role as a driver for invasive progression.Citation Format: Angelo Fortunato, Diego Mallo, Lorraine King, Timothy Hardman, Allison Hall, Jeffrey R. Marks, Shelley Shelley Hwang, Carlo C. Maley. Genetic and functional heterogeneity of DCIS as predictors of invasive cancer [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research 2020; 2020 Apr 27-28 and Jun 22-24. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2020;80(16 Suppl):Abstract nr 2502.