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Common mental disorders and intimate partner violence against pregnant women living with HIV in Cameroon: a cross-sectional analysis.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Parcesepe, AM; Cordoba, E; Gallis, JA; Headley, J; Tchatchou, B; Hembling, J; Soffo, C; Baumgartner, JN
Published in: BMC pregnancy and childbirth
March 2021

Women living with HIV are at increased risk of poor mental health and intimate partner violence (IPV). Mental health disorders have been consistently associated with suboptimal HIV-related outcomes. Little is known about the prevalence or correlates of mental health disorders among pregnant women living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa.This study assessed the prevalence of probable common mental disorders (CMD), i.e., depressive or anxiety disorders, and the relationship between probable CMD and recent IPV among pregnant women living with HIV in Cameroon. The sample included 230 pregnant women living with HIV aged > 18 enrolled in care at 10 HIV clinics in Cameroon. Probable CMD was assessed with the WHO Self Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20). Multivariable logistic regression was conducted to assess the relationship between IPV and probable CMD.Almost half (42%) of participants had probable CMD using a 7/8 cut-off of the SRQ-20. Emotional, physical, and sexual IPV were reported by 44, 37, and 31% of respondents, respectively. In multivariable regression analyses, all forms of IPV assessed were significantly associated with greater odds of probable CMD.Pregnant women living with HIV in Cameroon had a high prevalence of probable CMD and IPV. Screening and services to address IPV and mental health are urgently needed for this population. Integrated interventions to both prevent and screen and address IPV and probable CMD should be developed, implemented, and evaluated.

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Published In

BMC pregnancy and childbirth

DOI

EISSN

1471-2393

ISSN

1471-2393

Publication Date

March 2021

Volume

21

Issue

1

Start / End Page

178

Related Subject Headings

  • Prevalence
  • Pregnant Women
  • Pregnancy Complications
  • Pregnancy
  • Obstetrics & Reproductive Medicine
  • Mental Health
  • Mental Disorders
  • Maternal Health Services
  • Male
  • Intimate Partner Violence
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
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Parcesepe, A. M., Cordoba, E., Gallis, J. A., Headley, J., Tchatchou, B., Hembling, J., … Baumgartner, J. N. (2021). Common mental disorders and intimate partner violence against pregnant women living with HIV in Cameroon: a cross-sectional analysis. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 21(1), 178. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-021-03673-0
Parcesepe, Angela M., Evette Cordoba, John A. Gallis, Jennifer Headley, Berenger Tchatchou, John Hembling, Claudian Soffo, and Joy Noel Baumgartner. “Common mental disorders and intimate partner violence against pregnant women living with HIV in Cameroon: a cross-sectional analysis.BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 21, no. 1 (March 2021): 178. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-021-03673-0.
Parcesepe AM, Cordoba E, Gallis JA, Headley J, Tchatchou B, Hembling J, et al. Common mental disorders and intimate partner violence against pregnant women living with HIV in Cameroon: a cross-sectional analysis. BMC pregnancy and childbirth. 2021 Mar;21(1):178.
Parcesepe, Angela M., et al. “Common mental disorders and intimate partner violence against pregnant women living with HIV in Cameroon: a cross-sectional analysis.BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, vol. 21, no. 1, Mar. 2021, p. 178. Epmc, doi:10.1186/s12884-021-03673-0.
Parcesepe AM, Cordoba E, Gallis JA, Headley J, Tchatchou B, Hembling J, Soffo C, Baumgartner JN. Common mental disorders and intimate partner violence against pregnant women living with HIV in Cameroon: a cross-sectional analysis. BMC pregnancy and childbirth. 2021 Mar;21(1):178.
Journal cover image

Published In

BMC pregnancy and childbirth

DOI

EISSN

1471-2393

ISSN

1471-2393

Publication Date

March 2021

Volume

21

Issue

1

Start / End Page

178

Related Subject Headings

  • Prevalence
  • Pregnant Women
  • Pregnancy Complications
  • Pregnancy
  • Obstetrics & Reproductive Medicine
  • Mental Health
  • Mental Disorders
  • Maternal Health Services
  • Male
  • Intimate Partner Violence