Skip to main content
construction release_alert
Scholars@Duke will be undergoing maintenance April 11-15. Some features may be unavailable during this time.
cancel
Journal cover image

Is Living in an Ethnic Enclave Associated With Cognitive Function? Results From the Population Study of Chinese Elderly (PINE) in Chicago.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Guo, M; Wang, Y; Xu, H; Li, M; Wu, B; Dong, X
Published in: The Gerontologist
May 2022

Ethnic enclaves provide pivotal coping resources for immigrants, having important implications for cognitive health. This study examined the association between living in an ethnic enclave (i.e., Chinatown) and cognition, and potential moderating effect of education on such an association among Chinese older immigrants in the United States. We further examined subgroup differences based on preferred language (Mandarin, Cantonese, and Taishanese).Data were derived from the Population Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago (N = 3,105, mean age = 73). Global cognition, assessed by a battery including Mini-Mental State Examination, working memory, episodic memory, and executive function, was compared between those who lived in Chinatown (n = 1,870) and those who did not (n = 1,235). Linear regressions with interaction terms were performed in the entire sample and subsamples with different language preferences.Chinatown residents had significantly poorer cognition than non-Chinatown residents. Regression results identified both protective and risk factors for cognition associated with living in Chinatown. Among them, education (β = 0.072, p < .001) played a salient role in explaining the cognitive disadvantage of Chinatown residents. Education also moderated the influence of Chinatown residence on cognition, but only among Mandarin speakers (β = -0.027, p = .04).Living in an ethnic enclave may be a risk factor for poor cognition for Chinese immigrants. Neighborhood-specific health assessment may facilitate early identification and prevention of cognitive impairment in this population. Studies need to examine divergent aging experiences of immigrants within single ethnic groups.

Duke Scholars

Altmetric Attention Stats
Dimensions Citation Stats

Published In

The Gerontologist

DOI

EISSN

1758-5341

ISSN

0016-9013

Publication Date

May 2022

Volume

62

Issue

5

Start / End Page

662 / 673

Related Subject Headings

  • United States
  • Residence Characteristics
  • Language
  • Humans
  • Gerontology
  • Ethnicity
  • Cognition
  • China
  • Chicago
  • Asian
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
NLM
Guo, M., Wang, Y., Xu, H., Li, M., Wu, B., & Dong, X. (2022). Is Living in an Ethnic Enclave Associated With Cognitive Function? Results From the Population Study of Chinese Elderly (PINE) in Chicago. The Gerontologist, 62(5), 662–673. https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnab158
Guo, Man, Yi Wang, Hanzhang Xu, Mengting Li, Bei Wu, and Xinqi Dong. “Is Living in an Ethnic Enclave Associated With Cognitive Function? Results From the Population Study of Chinese Elderly (PINE) in Chicago.The Gerontologist 62, no. 5 (May 2022): 662–73. https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnab158.
Guo, Man, et al. “Is Living in an Ethnic Enclave Associated With Cognitive Function? Results From the Population Study of Chinese Elderly (PINE) in Chicago.The Gerontologist, vol. 62, no. 5, May 2022, pp. 662–73. Epmc, doi:10.1093/geront/gnab158.
Journal cover image

Published In

The Gerontologist

DOI

EISSN

1758-5341

ISSN

0016-9013

Publication Date

May 2022

Volume

62

Issue

5

Start / End Page

662 / 673

Related Subject Headings

  • United States
  • Residence Characteristics
  • Language
  • Humans
  • Gerontology
  • Ethnicity
  • Cognition
  • China
  • Chicago
  • Asian