Skip to main content
construction release_alert
Scholars@Duke will be undergoing maintenance April 11-15. Some features may be unavailable during this time.
cancel

Comparison of brain nicotine uptake from electronic cigarettes and combustible cigarettes.

Publication ,  Conference
Zuo, Y; Mukhin, AG; Berg, H; Morgan, JD; Mintz, A; Rose, JE; Solingapuram Sai, KK
Published in: Neuropsychopharmacology
October 2022

Brain accumulation rate and magnitude are critical for the acute reinforcing effects of nicotine. Despite electronic cigarettes' (E-cigs) appeal as substitutes for traditional combustible cigarettes (C-cigs), brain nicotine accumulation (BNA) from E-cigs has not been compared with that from C-cigs using a within-subjects design. BNA was directly assessed with 16 adult dual users (10 females) of E-cigs (e-liquid pH 9.4) and C-cigs, using 11C-nicotine and positron emission tomography (PET). Participants went through two 15-min head scanning sessions during which they inhaled a single puff of E-cig vapor or C-cig smoke containing 11C-nicotine in a randomized order. A full-body scan was also conducted at each session to measure total absorbed dose of 11C-nicotine. Mean maximum concentration (Cmax) and area under curve of BNA were 22.1% and 22.7% lower, respectively, following E-cig compared with C-cig inhalation. Meanwhile, T1/2 was 2.7 times longer following inhalation of E-cig vapor relative to C-cig smoke (all ps < 0.005). Whole-body imaging indicated greater nicotine retention in the respiratory tract from vapor versus smoke inhalation (p < 0.0001). Following vapor inhalation, nicotine retention in the respiratory tract was correlated with Cmax values of BNA (rs = -0.59, p < 0.02). Our results confirm that E-cigs with alkaline pH e-liquid can deliver nicotine rapidly to the brain, albeit less efficiently than C-cigs partly due to greater airway retention of nicotine. Since brain nicotine uptake mediates reinforcement, these results help elucidate actions of E-cigs in terms of abuse liability and effectiveness in substituting for combustible cigarettes.

Duke Scholars

Altmetric Attention Stats
Dimensions Citation Stats

Published In

Neuropsychopharmacology

DOI

EISSN

1740-634X

Publication Date

October 2022

Volume

47

Issue

11

Start / End Page

1939 / 1944

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • Tobacco Products
  • Smoke
  • Psychiatry
  • Nicotine
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems
  • Brain
  • Adult
  • 5202 Biological psychology
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
NLM
Zuo, Y., Mukhin, A. G., Berg, H., Morgan, J. D., Mintz, A., Rose, J. E., & Solingapuram Sai, K. K. (2022). Comparison of brain nicotine uptake from electronic cigarettes and combustible cigarettes. In Neuropsychopharmacology (Vol. 47, pp. 1939–1944). England. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41386-022-01410-5
Zuo, Yantao, Alexey G. Mukhin, Hannah Berg, Janiece D. Morgan, Akiva Mintz, Jed E. Rose, and Kiran Kumar Solingapuram Sai. “Comparison of brain nicotine uptake from electronic cigarettes and combustible cigarettes.” In Neuropsychopharmacology, 47:1939–44, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41386-022-01410-5.
Zuo Y, Mukhin AG, Berg H, Morgan JD, Mintz A, Rose JE, et al. Comparison of brain nicotine uptake from electronic cigarettes and combustible cigarettes. In: Neuropsychopharmacology. 2022. p. 1939–44.
Zuo, Yantao, et al. “Comparison of brain nicotine uptake from electronic cigarettes and combustible cigarettes.Neuropsychopharmacology, vol. 47, no. 11, 2022, pp. 1939–44. Pubmed, doi:10.1038/s41386-022-01410-5.
Zuo Y, Mukhin AG, Berg H, Morgan JD, Mintz A, Rose JE, Solingapuram Sai KK. Comparison of brain nicotine uptake from electronic cigarettes and combustible cigarettes. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2022. p. 1939–1944.

Published In

Neuropsychopharmacology

DOI

EISSN

1740-634X

Publication Date

October 2022

Volume

47

Issue

11

Start / End Page

1939 / 1944

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • Tobacco Products
  • Smoke
  • Psychiatry
  • Nicotine
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems
  • Brain
  • Adult
  • 5202 Biological psychology