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Psychiatric and audiologic features of misophonia: Use of a clinical control group with auditory over-responsivity.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Siepsiak, M; Rosenthal, MZ; Raj-Koziak, D; Dragan, W
Published in: J Psychosom Res
May 2022

OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study was designed to add to the emerging empirical literature characterizing the psychiatric and audiologic features of misophonia. Because most research to date has not compared misophonia to clinical control groups, the present study used both participants who did not report any sound intolerance problems and a clinical control group of participants with auditory over-responsivity not formally meeting criteria for a diagnosis of misophonia using proposed diagnostic criteria by Schroeder et al. (2013). Severity of misophonia symptoms, frequency of current or lifetime psychiatric disorders, loudness discomfort, and hearing loss were compared across groups. METHODS: Structured interviews, questionnaires, and objective measures of audiologic functioning were administered to a sample of adult participants (N = 156). Measures included an interviewer-rated diagnostic assessment of misophonia, the MisoQuest, (Siepsiak et al., 2020), M.I.N·I (Sheehan et al., 1998), loudness discomfort level (LDL), and hearing loss (PTA). RESULTS: Group differences in misophonia symptom severity among all three groups were observed: FWelch (2,50.57) = 149.92, p < .001, n2 = 0.64, validating group assignment. Psychiatric disorders were significantly more frequent in the misophonia group (71%) than in the auditory over-responsivity group (40%) and control group (40%): X2 (2, N = 142) = 14.3; p = .001; V = 0.317. A wide range of psychiatric disorders were observed in the misophonia group, (e.g., major depressive episode, suicidality and panic disorder were the most common). There were no significant differences between groups with regards to audiologic functioning. CONCLUSION: Misophonia co-occurs with a variety of psychiatric disorders but does not appear to be associated with loudness discomfort or hearing impairments.

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Published In

J Psychosom Res

DOI

EISSN

1879-1360

Publication Date

May 2022

Volume

156

Start / End Page

110777

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • Psychiatry
  • Phobic Disorders
  • Hyperacusis
  • Humans
  • Depressive Disorder, Major
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Control Groups
  • Adult
  • 5203 Clinical and health psychology
  • 5202 Biological psychology
 

Citation

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ICMJE
MLA
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Siepsiak, M., Rosenthal, M. Z., Raj-Koziak, D., & Dragan, W. (2022). Psychiatric and audiologic features of misophonia: Use of a clinical control group with auditory over-responsivity. J Psychosom Res, 156, 110777. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2022.110777
Siepsiak, M., M. Z. Rosenthal, D. Raj-Koziak, and W. Dragan. “Psychiatric and audiologic features of misophonia: Use of a clinical control group with auditory over-responsivity.J Psychosom Res 156 (May 2022): 110777. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2022.110777.
Siepsiak M, Rosenthal MZ, Raj-Koziak D, Dragan W. Psychiatric and audiologic features of misophonia: Use of a clinical control group with auditory over-responsivity. J Psychosom Res. 2022 May;156:110777.
Siepsiak, M., et al. “Psychiatric and audiologic features of misophonia: Use of a clinical control group with auditory over-responsivity.J Psychosom Res, vol. 156, May 2022, p. 110777. Pubmed, doi:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2022.110777.
Siepsiak M, Rosenthal MZ, Raj-Koziak D, Dragan W. Psychiatric and audiologic features of misophonia: Use of a clinical control group with auditory over-responsivity. J Psychosom Res. 2022 May;156:110777.
Journal cover image

Published In

J Psychosom Res

DOI

EISSN

1879-1360

Publication Date

May 2022

Volume

156

Start / End Page

110777

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • Psychiatry
  • Phobic Disorders
  • Hyperacusis
  • Humans
  • Depressive Disorder, Major
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Control Groups
  • Adult
  • 5203 Clinical and health psychology
  • 5202 Biological psychology