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Self-reported hearing loss, hearing aid use, and cognitive function among U.S. older adults.

Publication ,  Journal Article
West, JS; Smith, SL; Dupre, ME
Published in: Int J Popul Stud
2022

There has been increasing attention to the role of hearing loss as a potentially modifiable risk factor for Alzheimer's disease and related dementias. However, more nationally-representative studies are needed to understand the co-occurring changes in hearing loss and cognitive function in older adults over time, and how hearing aid use might influence this association. The purpose of this report is to examine how age-related changes in hearing loss and hearing aid use are associated with trajectories of cognitive function in a nationally-representative sample of U.S. older adults. We used 11 waves of longitudinal data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) from 1998 to 2018 to examine changes in self-reported hearing loss, hearing aid use, and cognitive function in adults 65 and older by race and ethnicity. Results from mixed models showed that greater levels of hearing loss were associated with lower levels of cognitive function at age 65 in non-Hispanic White, non-Hispanic Black, and Hispanic older adults. We also found that the associations diminished across age in White and Black individuals; but remained persistent in Hispanic individuals. The use of hearing aids was not associated with cognitive function in Black older adults but appeared protective for White and Hispanic older adults. Overall, the findings from this report suggest that the timely identification of hearing loss and subsequent acquisition of hearing aids may be important considerations for reducing declines in cognitive function that manifests differently in U.S. population subgroups.

Duke Scholars

Published In

Int J Popul Stud

DOI

ISSN

2424-8150

Publication Date

2022

Volume

8

Issue

1

Start / End Page

17 / 26

Location

Singapore
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
NLM
West, J. S., Smith, S. L., & Dupre, M. E. (2022). Self-reported hearing loss, hearing aid use, and cognitive function among U.S. older adults. Int J Popul Stud, 8(1), 17–26. https://doi.org/10.18063/ijps.v8i1.1308
West, Jessica S., Sherri L. Smith, and Matthew E. Dupre. “Self-reported hearing loss, hearing aid use, and cognitive function among U.S. older adults.Int J Popul Stud 8, no. 1 (2022): 17–26. https://doi.org/10.18063/ijps.v8i1.1308.
West JS, Smith SL, Dupre ME. Self-reported hearing loss, hearing aid use, and cognitive function among U.S. older adults. Int J Popul Stud. 2022;8(1):17–26.
West, Jessica S., et al. “Self-reported hearing loss, hearing aid use, and cognitive function among U.S. older adults.Int J Popul Stud, vol. 8, no. 1, 2022, pp. 17–26. Pubmed, doi:10.18063/ijps.v8i1.1308.
West JS, Smith SL, Dupre ME. Self-reported hearing loss, hearing aid use, and cognitive function among U.S. older adults. Int J Popul Stud. 2022;8(1):17–26.

Published In

Int J Popul Stud

DOI

ISSN

2424-8150

Publication Date

2022

Volume

8

Issue

1

Start / End Page

17 / 26

Location

Singapore