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Determining the Likelihood of Disease Pathogenicity Among Incidentally Identified Genetic Variants in Rare Dilated Cardiomyopathy-Associated Genes.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Yang, Q; Berkman, AM; Ezekian, JE; Rosamilia, M; Rosenfeld, JA; Liu, P; Landstrom, AP
Published in: J Am Heart Assoc
October 4, 2022

Background As utilization of clinical exome sequencing (ES) has expanded, criteria for evaluating the diagnostic weight of incidentally identified variants are critical to guide clinicians and researchers. This is particularly important in genes associated with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), which can cause heart failure and sudden death. We sought to compare the frequency and distribution of incidentally identified variants in DCM-associated genes between a clinical referral cohort with those in control and known case cohorts to determine the likelihood of pathogenicity among those undergoing genetic testing for non-DCM indications. Methods and Results A total of 39 rare, non-TTN DCM-associated genes were identified and evaluated from a clinical ES testing referral cohort (n=14 005, Baylor Genetic Laboratories) and compared with a DCM case cohort (n=9442) as well as a control cohort of population variants (n=141 456) derived from the gnomAD database. Variant frequencies in each cohort were compared. Signal-to-noise ratios were calculated comparing the DCM and ES cohort with the gnomAD cohort. The likely pathogenic/pathogenic variant yield in the DCM cohort (8.2%) was significantly higher than in the ES cohort (1.9%). Based on signal-to-noise and correlation analysis, incidental variants found in FLNC, RBM20, MYH6, DSP, ABCC9, JPH2, and NEXN had the greatest chance of being DCM-associated. Conclusions The distribution of pathogenic variants between the ES cohort and the DCM case cohort was gene specific, and variants found in the ES cohort were similar to variants found in the control cohort. Incidentally identified variants in specific genes are more associated with DCM than others.

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Published In

J Am Heart Assoc

DOI

EISSN

2047-9980

Publication Date

October 4, 2022

Volume

11

Issue

19

Start / End Page

e025257

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • Virulence
  • Humans
  • Genetic Testing
  • Exome Sequencing
  • Exome
  • Cardiomyopathy, Dilated
  • 3201 Cardiovascular medicine and haematology
  • 1102 Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Yang, Q., Berkman, A. M., Ezekian, J. E., Rosamilia, M., Rosenfeld, J. A., Liu, P., & Landstrom, A. P. (2022). Determining the Likelihood of Disease Pathogenicity Among Incidentally Identified Genetic Variants in Rare Dilated Cardiomyopathy-Associated Genes. J Am Heart Assoc, 11(19), e025257. https://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.122.025257
Yang, Qixin, Amy M. Berkman, Jordan E. Ezekian, Michael Rosamilia, Jill A. Rosenfeld, Pengfei Liu, and Andrew P. Landstrom. “Determining the Likelihood of Disease Pathogenicity Among Incidentally Identified Genetic Variants in Rare Dilated Cardiomyopathy-Associated Genes.J Am Heart Assoc 11, no. 19 (October 4, 2022): e025257. https://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.122.025257.
Yang Q, Berkman AM, Ezekian JE, Rosamilia M, Rosenfeld JA, Liu P, et al. Determining the Likelihood of Disease Pathogenicity Among Incidentally Identified Genetic Variants in Rare Dilated Cardiomyopathy-Associated Genes. J Am Heart Assoc. 2022 Oct 4;11(19):e025257.
Yang, Qixin, et al. “Determining the Likelihood of Disease Pathogenicity Among Incidentally Identified Genetic Variants in Rare Dilated Cardiomyopathy-Associated Genes.J Am Heart Assoc, vol. 11, no. 19, Oct. 2022, p. e025257. Pubmed, doi:10.1161/JAHA.122.025257.
Yang Q, Berkman AM, Ezekian JE, Rosamilia M, Rosenfeld JA, Liu P, Landstrom AP. Determining the Likelihood of Disease Pathogenicity Among Incidentally Identified Genetic Variants in Rare Dilated Cardiomyopathy-Associated Genes. J Am Heart Assoc. 2022 Oct 4;11(19):e025257.
Journal cover image

Published In

J Am Heart Assoc

DOI

EISSN

2047-9980

Publication Date

October 4, 2022

Volume

11

Issue

19

Start / End Page

e025257

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • Virulence
  • Humans
  • Genetic Testing
  • Exome Sequencing
  • Exome
  • Cardiomyopathy, Dilated
  • 3201 Cardiovascular medicine and haematology
  • 1102 Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology