Optoelectronic synapse using monolayer MoS2 field effect transistors.
Optical data sensing, processing and visual memory are fundamental requirements for artificial intelligence and robotics with autonomous navigation. Traditionally, imaging has been kept separate from the pattern recognition circuitry. Optoelectronic synapses hold the special potential of integrating these two fields into a single layer, where a single device can record optical data, convert it into a conductance state and store it for learning and pattern recognition, similar to the optic nerve in human eye. In this work, the trapping and de-trapping of photogenerated carriers in the MoS2/SiO2 interface of a n-channel MoS2 transistor was employed to emulate the optoelectronic synapse characteristics. The monolayer MoS2 field effect transistor (FET) exhibits photo-induced short-term and long-term potentiation, electrically driven long-term depression, paired pulse facilitation (PPF), spike time dependent plasticity, which are necessary synaptic characteristics. Moreover, the device's ability to retain its conductance state can be modulated by the gate voltage, making the device behave as a photodetector for positive gate voltages and an optoelectronic synapse at negative gate voltages.