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Disordered gambling in a longitudinal birth cohort: from childhood precursors to adult life outcomes.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Slutske, WS; Richmond-Rakerd, LS; Piasecki, TM; Ramrakha, S; Poulton, R; Moffitt, TE; Caspi, A
Published in: Psychological medicine
September 2023

Despite its introduction into the diagnostic nomenclature over four decades ago, there remain large knowledge gaps about disordered gambling. The primary aims of the present study were to document the long-term course, childhood precursors, and adult life outcomes associated with disordered gambling.Participants enrolled in the population-representative Dunedin Study were prospectively followed from birth through age 45. Disordered gambling was assessed six times from age 18; composite measures of childhood social class, general intelligence, and low self-control were based on assessments obtained from birth through age 15; adult socioeconomic, financial, and legal outcomes were obtained through age 45. Lifetime disordered gambling was predicted from the three childhood precursors and the adult outcomes were predicted from lifetime disordered gambling.Past-year disordered gambling usually occurred at only a single time point and recurrence was relatively uncommon. Lower childhood social class, general intelligence, and self-control significantly predicted lifetime disordered gambling in adulthood. In turn, lifetime disordered gambling in adulthood significantly predicted occupational, educational, and financial problems in adulthood (ds = 0.23-0.41). These associations were markedly reduced and sometimes rendered nonsignificant after adjusting for childhood precursors (ds = 0.04-0.32).Socioeconomic, financial, and legal outcomes in adulthood are not merely consequences of disordered gambling, but also are predicted from childhood precursors. Deflecting the trajectories of young people at risk for developing disordered gambling may help to ameliorate not just the development of later disordered gambling, but also other associated adverse outcomes.

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Published In

Psychological medicine

DOI

EISSN

1469-8978

ISSN

0033-2917

Publication Date

September 2023

Volume

53

Issue

12

Start / End Page

5800 / 5808

Related Subject Headings

  • Social Class
  • Psychiatry
  • Middle Aged
  • Intelligence
  • Humans
  • Gambling
  • Educational Status
  • Adult
  • Adolescent
  • 5203 Clinical and health psychology
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Slutske, W. S., Richmond-Rakerd, L. S., Piasecki, T. M., Ramrakha, S., Poulton, R., Moffitt, T. E., & Caspi, A. (2023). Disordered gambling in a longitudinal birth cohort: from childhood precursors to adult life outcomes. Psychological Medicine, 53(12), 5800–5808. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033291722003051
Slutske, Wendy S., Leah S. Richmond-Rakerd, Thomas M. Piasecki, Sandhya Ramrakha, Richie Poulton, Terrie E. Moffitt, and Avshalom Caspi. “Disordered gambling in a longitudinal birth cohort: from childhood precursors to adult life outcomes.Psychological Medicine 53, no. 12 (September 2023): 5800–5808. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033291722003051.
Slutske WS, Richmond-Rakerd LS, Piasecki TM, Ramrakha S, Poulton R, Moffitt TE, et al. Disordered gambling in a longitudinal birth cohort: from childhood precursors to adult life outcomes. Psychological medicine. 2023 Sep;53(12):5800–8.
Slutske, Wendy S., et al. “Disordered gambling in a longitudinal birth cohort: from childhood precursors to adult life outcomes.Psychological Medicine, vol. 53, no. 12, Sept. 2023, pp. 5800–08. Epmc, doi:10.1017/s0033291722003051.
Slutske WS, Richmond-Rakerd LS, Piasecki TM, Ramrakha S, Poulton R, Moffitt TE, Caspi A. Disordered gambling in a longitudinal birth cohort: from childhood precursors to adult life outcomes. Psychological medicine. 2023 Sep;53(12):5800–5808.
Journal cover image

Published In

Psychological medicine

DOI

EISSN

1469-8978

ISSN

0033-2917

Publication Date

September 2023

Volume

53

Issue

12

Start / End Page

5800 / 5808

Related Subject Headings

  • Social Class
  • Psychiatry
  • Middle Aged
  • Intelligence
  • Humans
  • Gambling
  • Educational Status
  • Adult
  • Adolescent
  • 5203 Clinical and health psychology