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Phenotyping misophonia: Psychiatric disorders and medical health correlates.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Rosenthal, MZ; McMahon, K; Greenleaf, AS; Cassiello-Robbins, C; Guetta, R; Trumbull, J; Anand, D; Frazer-Abel, ES; Kelley, L
Published in: Frontiers in psychology
January 2022

Misophonia is characterized by decreased tolerance to specific sounds and associated stimuli that causes significant psychological distress and impairment in daily functioning (Swedo et al., 2022). Aversive stimuli (often called "triggers") are commonly repetitive facial (e.g., nose whistling, sniffling, and throat clearing) or oral (e.g., eating, drinking, and mouth breathing) sounds produced by other humans. Few empirical studies examining the nature and features of misophonia have used clinician-rated structured diagnostic interviews, and none have examined the relationship between misophonia and psychiatric disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-5th version (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013). In addition, little is known about whether there are any medical health problems associated with misophonia. Accordingly, the purpose of the present study was to improve the phenotypic characterization of misophonia by investigating the psychiatric and medical health correlates of this newly defined disorder. Structured diagnostic interviews were used to assess rates of lifetime and current DSM-5 psychiatric disorders in a community sample of 207 adults. The three most commonly diagnosed current psychiatric disorders were: (1) social anxiety disorder, (2) generalized anxiety disorder, and (3) specific phobia. The three most common lifetime psychiatric disorders were major depressive disorder, social anxiety disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder. A series of multiple regression analyses indicated that, among psychiatric disorders that were correlated with misophonia, those that remained significant predictors of misophonia severity after controlling for age and sex were borderline personality disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, and panic disorder. No medical health problems were significantly positively correlated with misophonia severity.

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Published In

Frontiers in psychology

DOI

EISSN

1664-1078

ISSN

1664-1078

Publication Date

January 2022

Volume

13

Start / End Page

941898

Related Subject Headings

  • 52 Psychology
  • 32 Biomedical and clinical sciences
  • 1702 Cognitive Sciences
  • 1701 Psychology
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Rosenthal, M. Z., McMahon, K., Greenleaf, A. S., Cassiello-Robbins, C., Guetta, R., Trumbull, J., … Kelley, L. (2022). Phenotyping misophonia: Psychiatric disorders and medical health correlates. Frontiers in Psychology, 13, 941898. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.941898
Rosenthal, M Zachary, Kibby McMahon, Anna S. Greenleaf, Clair Cassiello-Robbins, Rachel Guetta, Jacqueline Trumbull, Deepika Anand, Emily S. Frazer-Abel, and Lisalynn Kelley. “Phenotyping misophonia: Psychiatric disorders and medical health correlates.Frontiers in Psychology 13 (January 2022): 941898. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.941898.
Rosenthal MZ, McMahon K, Greenleaf AS, Cassiello-Robbins C, Guetta R, Trumbull J, et al. Phenotyping misophonia: Psychiatric disorders and medical health correlates. Frontiers in psychology. 2022 Jan;13:941898.
Rosenthal, M. Zachary, et al. “Phenotyping misophonia: Psychiatric disorders and medical health correlates.Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 13, Jan. 2022, p. 941898. Epmc, doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2022.941898.
Rosenthal MZ, McMahon K, Greenleaf AS, Cassiello-Robbins C, Guetta R, Trumbull J, Anand D, Frazer-Abel ES, Kelley L. Phenotyping misophonia: Psychiatric disorders and medical health correlates. Frontiers in psychology. 2022 Jan;13:941898.

Published In

Frontiers in psychology

DOI

EISSN

1664-1078

ISSN

1664-1078

Publication Date

January 2022

Volume

13

Start / End Page

941898

Related Subject Headings

  • 52 Psychology
  • 32 Biomedical and clinical sciences
  • 1702 Cognitive Sciences
  • 1701 Psychology