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Are trajectories of social isolation from childhood to mid-adulthood associated with adult depression or suicide outcomes.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Lay-Yee, R; Matthews, T; Moffitt, T; Poulton, R; Caspi, A; Milne, B
Published in: Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology
March 2023

Social isolation has been shown to have negative effects on mental health outcomes though little is known about trajectories across the life course. We examined the relationship between trajectory groups and selected mental health outcomes in mid-adulthood.We previously created a typology of social isolation based on onset during the life course and persistence into adulthood, using group-based trajectory analysis of longitudinal data from a New Zealand birth cohort. The typology comprises four groups: 'never-isolated', 'adult-only', 'child-only', and 'persistent (child-adult) isolation'. We undertook logistic regression analyses of three mental health outcomes with trajectory group as the predictor, adjusting for sex and a range of familial and child-behavioural factors.Lifetime suicide attempt, and depression and suicide ideation in mid-adulthood were each associated with adult-only but not child-only social isolation. Depression in mid-adulthood was also associated with persistent child-adult social isolation.Although our findings are associational and not causal, they indicate that interrupting persistent social isolation may help to prevent adult depression whereas halting adult social isolation may ameliorate both depression and suicide outcomes.

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Published In

Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

DOI

EISSN

1433-9285

ISSN

0933-7954

Publication Date

March 2023

Volume

58

Issue

3

Start / End Page

373 / 382

Related Subject Headings

  • Suicide, Attempted
  • Suicidal Ideation
  • Social Isolation
  • Risk Factors
  • Psychiatry
  • New Zealand
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Humans
  • Depression
  • Child
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Lay-Yee, R., Matthews, T., Moffitt, T., Poulton, R., Caspi, A., & Milne, B. (2023). Are trajectories of social isolation from childhood to mid-adulthood associated with adult depression or suicide outcomes. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 58(3), 373–382. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-022-02389-6
Lay-Yee, Roy, Timothy Matthews, Terrie Moffitt, Richie Poulton, Avshalom Caspi, and Barry Milne. “Are trajectories of social isolation from childhood to mid-adulthood associated with adult depression or suicide outcomes.Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 58, no. 3 (March 2023): 373–82. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-022-02389-6.
Lay-Yee R, Matthews T, Moffitt T, Poulton R, Caspi A, Milne B. Are trajectories of social isolation from childhood to mid-adulthood associated with adult depression or suicide outcomes. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology. 2023 Mar;58(3):373–82.
Lay-Yee, Roy, et al. “Are trajectories of social isolation from childhood to mid-adulthood associated with adult depression or suicide outcomes.Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, vol. 58, no. 3, Mar. 2023, pp. 373–82. Epmc, doi:10.1007/s00127-022-02389-6.
Lay-Yee R, Matthews T, Moffitt T, Poulton R, Caspi A, Milne B. Are trajectories of social isolation from childhood to mid-adulthood associated with adult depression or suicide outcomes. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology. 2023 Mar;58(3):373–382.
Journal cover image

Published In

Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

DOI

EISSN

1433-9285

ISSN

0933-7954

Publication Date

March 2023

Volume

58

Issue

3

Start / End Page

373 / 382

Related Subject Headings

  • Suicide, Attempted
  • Suicidal Ideation
  • Social Isolation
  • Risk Factors
  • Psychiatry
  • New Zealand
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Humans
  • Depression
  • Child