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Axl2 integrates polarity establishment, maintenance, and environmental stress response in the filamentous fungus Ashbya gossypii.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Anker, JF; Gladfelter, AS
Published in: Eukaryot Cell
December 2011

In budding yeast, new sites of polarity are chosen with each cell cycle and polarization is transient. In filamentous fungi, sites of polarity persist for extended periods of growth and new polarity sites can be established while existing sites are maintained. How the polarity establishment machinery functions in these distinct growth forms found in fungi is still not well understood. We have examined the function of Axl2, a transmembrane bud site selection protein discovered in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, in the filamentous fungus Ashbya gossypii. A. gossypii does not divide by budding and instead exhibits persistent highly polarized growth, and multiple axes of polarity coexist in one cell. A. gossypii axl2Δ (Agaxl2Δ) cells have wavy hyphae, bulbous tips, and a high frequency of branch initiations that fail to elongate, indicative of a polarity maintenance defect. Mutant colonies also have significantly lower radial growth and hyphal tip elongation speeds than wild-type colonies, and Agaxl2Δ hyphae have depolarized actin patches. Consistent with a function in polarity, AgAxl2 localizes to hyphal tips, branches, and septin rings. Unlike S. cerevisiae Axl2, AgAxl2 contains a Mid2 homology domain and may function to sense or respond to environmental stress. In support of this idea, hyphae lacking AgAxl2 also display hypersensitivity to heat, osmotic, and cell wall stresses. Axl2 serves to integrate polarity establishment, polarity maintenance, and environmental stress response for optimal polarized growth in A. gossypii.

Duke Scholars

Published In

Eukaryot Cell

DOI

EISSN

1535-9786

Publication Date

December 2011

Volume

10

Issue

12

Start / End Page

1679 / 1693

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Stress, Physiological
  • Protein Transport
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Morphogenesis
  • Microbiology
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Hyphae
  • Gene Knockout Techniques
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Eremothecium
 

Citation

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Anker, J. F., & Gladfelter, A. S. (2011). Axl2 integrates polarity establishment, maintenance, and environmental stress response in the filamentous fungus Ashbya gossypii. Eukaryot Cell, 10(12), 1679–1693. https://doi.org/10.1128/EC.05183-11
Anker, Jonathan F., and Amy S. Gladfelter. “Axl2 integrates polarity establishment, maintenance, and environmental stress response in the filamentous fungus Ashbya gossypii.Eukaryot Cell 10, no. 12 (December 2011): 1679–93. https://doi.org/10.1128/EC.05183-11.
Anker, Jonathan F., and Amy S. Gladfelter. “Axl2 integrates polarity establishment, maintenance, and environmental stress response in the filamentous fungus Ashbya gossypii.Eukaryot Cell, vol. 10, no. 12, Dec. 2011, pp. 1679–93. Pubmed, doi:10.1128/EC.05183-11.

Published In

Eukaryot Cell

DOI

EISSN

1535-9786

Publication Date

December 2011

Volume

10

Issue

12

Start / End Page

1679 / 1693

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Stress, Physiological
  • Protein Transport
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Morphogenesis
  • Microbiology
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Hyphae
  • Gene Knockout Techniques
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Eremothecium