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Characterizing Arrest and Incarceration in a Prospective Cohort of Transgender Women.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Poteat, TC; Humes, E; Althoff, KN; Cooney, EE; Radix, A; Cannon, CM; Wawrzyniak, AJ; Schneider, JS; Beyrer, C; Mayer, KH; Reisner, S ...
Published in: Journal of correctional health care : the official journal of the National Commission on Correctional Health Care
February 2023

This study characterized arrest, incarceration, and risk factors for incident incarceration among transgender women (TW) in the northeastern and southern United States. During semiannual study visits over 24 months in a multicenter cohort study, TW completed HIV testing and self-administered surveys. In total, 1571 TW completed baseline survey; 1,312 HIV-negative TW enrolled in the cohort and contributed 2134.3 person-years to the analysis. At baseline, 37% had been arrested and 21% had been incarcerated. Incident incarceration was 23.4 per 1,000 person-years (95% confidence interval [CI]: 16.9-29.9). Sex work was significantly associated with baseline and incident incarceration (p < .01). A history of incarceration at enrollment was the strongest predictor of incident incarceration (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 6.99; 95% CI: 3.43-14.24). Living in the South (aOR 2.69, 95% CI: 1.22-5.93), income below the federal poverty level (aOR 2.65 95% CI: 3.43-14.24), and having a recent partner who had been incarcerated (aOR 2.62, 95% CI: 1.20-5.69) also increased the odds of incident incarceration in multivariable modeling. Structural interventions to reduce poverty and decriminalize sex work have the potential to reduce incarceration rates among TW.

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Published In

Journal of correctional health care : the official journal of the National Commission on Correctional Health Care

DOI

EISSN

1940-5200

ISSN

1078-3458

Publication Date

February 2023

Volume

29

Issue

1

Start / End Page

60 / 70

Related Subject Headings

  • United States
  • Transgender Persons
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Risk Factors
  • Prospective Studies
  • Humans
  • HIV Infections
  • Female
  • Cohort Studies
  • 4203 Health services and systems
 

Citation

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Poteat, T. C., Humes, E., Althoff, K. N., Cooney, E. E., Radix, A., Cannon, C. M., … Wirtz, A. L. (2023). Characterizing Arrest and Incarceration in a Prospective Cohort of Transgender Women. Journal of Correctional Health Care : The Official Journal of the National Commission on Correctional Health Care, 29(1), 60–70. https://doi.org/10.1089/jchc.21.10.0118
Poteat, Tonia C., Elizabeth Humes, Keri N. Althoff, Erin E. Cooney, Asa Radix, Christopher M. Cannon, Andrew J. Wawrzyniak, et al. “Characterizing Arrest and Incarceration in a Prospective Cohort of Transgender Women.Journal of Correctional Health Care : The Official Journal of the National Commission on Correctional Health Care 29, no. 1 (February 2023): 60–70. https://doi.org/10.1089/jchc.21.10.0118.
Poteat TC, Humes E, Althoff KN, Cooney EE, Radix A, Cannon CM, et al. Characterizing Arrest and Incarceration in a Prospective Cohort of Transgender Women. Journal of correctional health care : the official journal of the National Commission on Correctional Health Care. 2023 Feb;29(1):60–70.
Poteat, Tonia C., et al. “Characterizing Arrest and Incarceration in a Prospective Cohort of Transgender Women.Journal of Correctional Health Care : The Official Journal of the National Commission on Correctional Health Care, vol. 29, no. 1, Feb. 2023, pp. 60–70. Epmc, doi:10.1089/jchc.21.10.0118.
Poteat TC, Humes E, Althoff KN, Cooney EE, Radix A, Cannon CM, Wawrzyniak AJ, Schneider JS, Beyrer C, Mayer KH, Brinkley-Rubinstein L, Reisner S, Wirtz AL. Characterizing Arrest and Incarceration in a Prospective Cohort of Transgender Women. Journal of correctional health care : the official journal of the National Commission on Correctional Health Care. 2023 Feb;29(1):60–70.
Journal cover image

Published In

Journal of correctional health care : the official journal of the National Commission on Correctional Health Care

DOI

EISSN

1940-5200

ISSN

1078-3458

Publication Date

February 2023

Volume

29

Issue

1

Start / End Page

60 / 70

Related Subject Headings

  • United States
  • Transgender Persons
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Risk Factors
  • Prospective Studies
  • Humans
  • HIV Infections
  • Female
  • Cohort Studies
  • 4203 Health services and systems