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Government interventions and control policies to contain the first COVID-19 outbreak: An analysis of evidence.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Fernández, D; Giné-Vázquez, I; Morena, M; Koyanagi, AI; Janko, MM; Haro, JM; Panagiotakos, D; Molassiotis, A; Pan, WK; Tyrovolas, S
Published in: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
July 2023

The overarching aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness over time of government interventions and policy restrictions and the impact of determinants on spread and mortality during the first-wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, globally, regionally and by country-income level, up to 18 May 2020.We created a global database merging World Health Organization daily case reports (from 218 countries/territories) with other socio-demographic and population health measures from 21 January to 18 May 2020. A four-level government policy interventions score (low to very high) was created based on the Oxford Stringency Index.Our results support the use of very high government interventions to suppress both COVID-19 spread and mortality effectively during wave one globally compared to other policy levels of control. Similar trends in virus propagation and mortality were observed in all country-income levels and specific regions.Rapid implementation of government interventions was needed to contain the first wave of the COVID-19 outbreak and to reduce COVID-19-related mortality.

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Published In

Scandinavian Journal of Public Health

DOI

EISSN

1651-1905

ISSN

1403-4948

Publication Date

July 2023

Volume

51

Issue

5

Start / End Page

682 / 691

Related Subject Headings

  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Public Health
  • Policy
  • Pandemics
  • Humans
  • Government
  • Disease Outbreaks
  • COVID-19
  • 1117 Public Health and Health Services
 

Citation

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ICMJE
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Fernández, D., Giné-Vázquez, I., Morena, M., Koyanagi, A. I., Janko, M. M., Haro, J. M., … Tyrovolas, S. (2023). Government interventions and control policies to contain the first COVID-19 outbreak: An analysis of evidence. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 51(5), 682–691. https://doi.org/10.1177/14034948231156969
Fernández, Daniel, Iago Giné-Vázquez, Marianthi Morena, A. I. Koyanagi, Mark M. Janko, Josep Maria Haro, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, Alex Molassiotis, William K. Pan, and Stefanos Tyrovolas. “Government interventions and control policies to contain the first COVID-19 outbreak: An analysis of evidence.Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 51, no. 5 (July 2023): 682–91. https://doi.org/10.1177/14034948231156969.
Fernández D, Giné-Vázquez I, Morena M, Koyanagi AI, Janko MM, Haro JM, et al. Government interventions and control policies to contain the first COVID-19 outbreak: An analysis of evidence. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. 2023 Jul;51(5):682–91.
Fernández, Daniel, et al. “Government interventions and control policies to contain the first COVID-19 outbreak: An analysis of evidence.Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, vol. 51, no. 5, July 2023, pp. 682–91. Epmc, doi:10.1177/14034948231156969.
Fernández D, Giné-Vázquez I, Morena M, Koyanagi AI, Janko MM, Haro JM, Panagiotakos D, Molassiotis A, Pan WK, Tyrovolas S. Government interventions and control policies to contain the first COVID-19 outbreak: An analysis of evidence. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. 2023 Jul;51(5):682–691.
Journal cover image

Published In

Scandinavian Journal of Public Health

DOI

EISSN

1651-1905

ISSN

1403-4948

Publication Date

July 2023

Volume

51

Issue

5

Start / End Page

682 / 691

Related Subject Headings

  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Public Health
  • Policy
  • Pandemics
  • Humans
  • Government
  • Disease Outbreaks
  • COVID-19
  • 1117 Public Health and Health Services