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Problematic technology use and sleep quality in young adulthood: novel insights from a nationally representative twin study.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Madrid-Valero, JJ; Matthews, T; Barclay, NL; Odgers, CL; Moffitt, TE; Caspi, A; Arseneault, L; Gregory, AM
Published in: Sleep
June 2023

Digital technology use is associated with poor sleep quality in adolescence and young adulthood although research findings have been mixed. No studies have addressed the association between the two using a genetically informative twin design which could extend our understanding of the etiology of this relationship. This study aimed to test: (1) the association between adolescents' perceived problematic use of digital technology and poor sleep quality, (2) whether the association between problematic use of technology and poor sleep quality remains after controlling for familial factors, and (3) genetic and environmental influences on the association between problematic use of technology and poor sleep quality.Participants were 2232 study members (18-year-old twins) of the Environmental Risk (E-Risk) Longitudinal Twin Study. The sample was 48.9% male, 90% white, and 55.6% monozygotic. We conducted regression and twin difference analyses and fitted twin models.Twin differences for problematic use of technology were associated with differences for poor sleep quality in the whole sample (p < 0.001; B = 0.15) and also when we limited the analyses to identical twins only (p < 0.001; B = 0.21). We observed a substantial genetic correlation between problematic use of technology and sleep quality (rA = 0.31), whereas the environmental correlation was lower (rE = 0.16).Adolescent reported problematic use of digital technology is associated with poor sleep quality-even after controlling for familial factors including genetic confounds. Our results suggest that the association between adolescents' sleep and problematic digital technology use is not accounted for by shared genetic liability or familial factors but could reflect a causal association. This robust association needs to be examined in future research designed to test causal associations.

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Published In

Sleep

DOI

EISSN

1550-9109

ISSN

0161-8105

Publication Date

June 2023

Volume

46

Issue

6

Start / End Page

zsad038

Related Subject Headings

  • Young Adult
  • Twins, Monozygotic
  • Technology
  • Sleep Quality
  • Sleep
  • Neurology & Neurosurgery
  • Male
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Humans
  • Female
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Madrid-Valero, J. J., Matthews, T., Barclay, N. L., Odgers, C. L., Moffitt, T. E., Caspi, A., … Gregory, A. M. (2023). Problematic technology use and sleep quality in young adulthood: novel insights from a nationally representative twin study. Sleep, 46(6), zsad038. https://doi.org/10.1093/sleep/zsad038
Madrid-Valero, Juan J., Timothy Matthews, Nicola L. Barclay, Candice L. Odgers, Terrie E. Moffitt, Avshalom Caspi, Louise Arseneault, and Alice M. Gregory. “Problematic technology use and sleep quality in young adulthood: novel insights from a nationally representative twin study.Sleep 46, no. 6 (June 2023): zsad038. https://doi.org/10.1093/sleep/zsad038.
Madrid-Valero JJ, Matthews T, Barclay NL, Odgers CL, Moffitt TE, Caspi A, et al. Problematic technology use and sleep quality in young adulthood: novel insights from a nationally representative twin study. Sleep. 2023 Jun;46(6):zsad038.
Madrid-Valero, Juan J., et al. “Problematic technology use and sleep quality in young adulthood: novel insights from a nationally representative twin study.Sleep, vol. 46, no. 6, June 2023, p. zsad038. Epmc, doi:10.1093/sleep/zsad038.
Madrid-Valero JJ, Matthews T, Barclay NL, Odgers CL, Moffitt TE, Caspi A, Arseneault L, Gregory AM. Problematic technology use and sleep quality in young adulthood: novel insights from a nationally representative twin study. Sleep. 2023 Jun;46(6):zsad038.
Journal cover image

Published In

Sleep

DOI

EISSN

1550-9109

ISSN

0161-8105

Publication Date

June 2023

Volume

46

Issue

6

Start / End Page

zsad038

Related Subject Headings

  • Young Adult
  • Twins, Monozygotic
  • Technology
  • Sleep Quality
  • Sleep
  • Neurology & Neurosurgery
  • Male
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Humans
  • Female