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The underutilization of preventive cardiovascular measures in patients with cancer: an analysis of the Behavioural Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2011-22.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Sayed, A; Munir, M; Addison, D; Abushouk, AI; Dent, SF; Neilan, TG; Blaes, A; Fradley, MG; Nohria, A; Moustafa, K; Virani, SS
Published in: Eur J Prev Cardiol
September 20, 2023

AIMS: This study aimed to characterize the influence of a cancer diagnosis on the use of preventive cardiovascular measures in patients with and without cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS AND RESULTS: Data from the Behavioural Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey (spanning 2011-22) were used. Multivariable logistic regression models adjusted for potential confounders were applied to calculate average marginal effects (AME), the average difference in the probability of using a given therapy between patients with and without cancer. Outcomes of interest included the use of pharmacological therapies, physical activity, smoking cessation, and post-CVD rehabilitation. Among 5 012 721 respondents, 579 114 reported a history of CVD (coronary disease or stroke), and 842 221 reported a diagnosis of cancer. The association between cancer and the use of pharmacological therapies varied between those with vs. without CVD (P-value for interaction: <0.001). Among patients with CVD, a cancer diagnosis was associated with a lower use of blood pressure-lowering medications {AME: -1.46% [95% confidence interval (CI): -2.19% to -0.73%]}, lipid-lowering medications [AME: -2.34% (95% CI: -4.03% to -0.66%)], and aspirin [AME: -6.05% (95% CI: -8.88% to -3.23%)]. Among patients without CVD, there were no statistically significant differences between patients with and without cancer regarding pharmacological therapies. Additionally, cancer was associated with a significantly lower likelihood of engaging in physical activity in the overall cohort and in using post-CVD rehabilitation regimens, particularly post-stroke rehabilitation. CONCLUSION: Preventive pharmacological agents are underutilized in those with cancer and concomitant CVD, and physical activity is underutilized in patients with cancer in those with or without CVD. LAY SUMMARY: •This paper compared the use of preventive cardiovascular measures, both pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical, in patients with and without cancer.•In patients with cardiovascular disease and cancer, there is a lower use of preventive cardiovascular medications compared with those with cardiovascular disease but without cancer. This includes a lower utilization of blood pressure-lowering medications, cholesterol-lowering medications, and aspirin.•Patients with cancer reported lower levels of exercise but higher levels of smoking cessation compared with those without cancer.

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Published In

Eur J Prev Cardiol

DOI

EISSN

2047-4881

Publication Date

September 20, 2023

Volume

30

Issue

13

Start / End Page

1325 / 1332

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • Risk Factors
  • Neoplasms
  • Humans
  • Cardiovascular System & Hematology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
  • Aspirin
  • Anticholesteremic Agents
  • 1103 Clinical Sciences
  • 1102 Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology
 

Citation

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Sayed, A., Munir, M., Addison, D., Abushouk, A. I., Dent, S. F., Neilan, T. G., … Virani, S. S. (2023). The underutilization of preventive cardiovascular measures in patients with cancer: an analysis of the Behavioural Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2011-22. Eur J Prev Cardiol, 30(13), 1325–1332. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurjpc/zwad146
Sayed, Ahmed, Malak Munir, Daniel Addison, Abdelrahman I. Abushouk, Susan F. Dent, Tomas G. Neilan, Anne Blaes, et al. “The underutilization of preventive cardiovascular measures in patients with cancer: an analysis of the Behavioural Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2011-22.Eur J Prev Cardiol 30, no. 13 (September 20, 2023): 1325–32. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurjpc/zwad146.
Sayed A, Munir M, Addison D, Abushouk AI, Dent SF, Neilan TG, et al. The underutilization of preventive cardiovascular measures in patients with cancer: an analysis of the Behavioural Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2011-22. Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2023 Sep 20;30(13):1325–32.
Sayed, Ahmed, et al. “The underutilization of preventive cardiovascular measures in patients with cancer: an analysis of the Behavioural Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2011-22.Eur J Prev Cardiol, vol. 30, no. 13, Sept. 2023, pp. 1325–32. Pubmed, doi:10.1093/eurjpc/zwad146.
Sayed A, Munir M, Addison D, Abushouk AI, Dent SF, Neilan TG, Blaes A, Fradley MG, Nohria A, Moustafa K, Virani SS. The underutilization of preventive cardiovascular measures in patients with cancer: an analysis of the Behavioural Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2011-22. Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2023 Sep 20;30(13):1325–1332.
Journal cover image

Published In

Eur J Prev Cardiol

DOI

EISSN

2047-4881

Publication Date

September 20, 2023

Volume

30

Issue

13

Start / End Page

1325 / 1332

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • Risk Factors
  • Neoplasms
  • Humans
  • Cardiovascular System & Hematology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
  • Aspirin
  • Anticholesteremic Agents
  • 1103 Clinical Sciences
  • 1102 Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology