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Cultural contributions to adults' self-rated mental health problems and strengths: 7 culture clusters, 28 societies, 16 906 adults.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Copeland, WE; Ivanova, MY; Achenbach, TM; Turner, LV; Tong, G; Ahmeti-Pronaj, A; Au, A; Bellina, M; Caldas, JC; Chen, Y-C; Csemy, L; Leung, P ...
Published in: Psychol Med
December 2023

BACKGROUND: It is unknown how much variation in adult mental health problems is associated with differences between societal/cultural groups, over and above differences between individuals. METHODS: To test these relative contributions, a consortium of indigenous researchers collected Adult Self-Report (ASR) ratings from 16 906 18- to 59-year-olds in 28 societies that represented seven culture clusters identified in the Global Leadership and Organizational Behavioral Effectiveness study (e.g. Confucian, Anglo). The ASR is scored on 17 problem scales, plus a personal strengths scale. Hierarchical linear modeling estimated variance accounted for by individual differences (including measurement error), society, and culture cluster. Multi-level analyses of covariance tested age and gender effects. RESULTS: Across the 17 problem scales, the variance accounted for by individual differences ranged from 80.3% for DSM-oriented anxiety problems to 95.2% for DSM-oriented avoidant personality (mean = 90.7%); by society: 3.2% for DSM-oriented somatic problems to 8.0% for DSM-oriented anxiety problems (mean = 6.3%); and by culture cluster: 0.0% for DSM-oriented avoidant personality to 11.6% for DSM-oriented anxiety problems (mean = 3.0%). For strengths, individual differences accounted for 80.8% of variance, societal differences 10.5%, and cultural differences 8.7%. Age and gender had very small effects. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, adults' self-ratings of mental health problems and strengths were associated much more with individual differences than societal/cultural differences, although this varied across scales. These findings support cross-cultural use of standardized measures to assess mental health problems, but urge caution in assessment of personal strengths.

Duke Scholars

Published In

Psychol Med

DOI

EISSN

1469-8978

Publication Date

December 2023

Volume

53

Issue

16

Start / End Page

7581 / 7590

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • Psychiatry
  • Personality Disorders
  • Mental Health
  • Individuality
  • Humans
  • Anxiety Disorders
  • Anxiety
  • Adult
  • 5203 Clinical and health psychology
  • 5202 Biological psychology
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
NLM
Copeland, W. E., Ivanova, M. Y., Achenbach, T. M., Turner, L. V., Tong, G., Ahmeti-Pronaj, A., … Zasepa, E. (2023). Cultural contributions to adults' self-rated mental health problems and strengths: 7 culture clusters, 28 societies, 16 906 adults. Psychol Med, 53(16), 7581–7590. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291723001332
Copeland, William E., Masha Y. Ivanova, Thomas M. Achenbach, Lori V. Turner, Guangyu Tong, Adelina Ahmeti-Pronaj, Alma Au, et al. “Cultural contributions to adults' self-rated mental health problems and strengths: 7 culture clusters, 28 societies, 16 906 adults.Psychol Med 53, no. 16 (December 2023): 7581–90. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291723001332.
Copeland WE, Ivanova MY, Achenbach TM, Turner LV, Tong G, Ahmeti-Pronaj A, et al. Cultural contributions to adults' self-rated mental health problems and strengths: 7 culture clusters, 28 societies, 16 906 adults. Psychol Med. 2023 Dec;53(16):7581–90.
Copeland, William E., et al. “Cultural contributions to adults' self-rated mental health problems and strengths: 7 culture clusters, 28 societies, 16 906 adults.Psychol Med, vol. 53, no. 16, Dec. 2023, pp. 7581–90. Pubmed, doi:10.1017/S0033291723001332.
Copeland WE, Ivanova MY, Achenbach TM, Turner LV, Tong G, Ahmeti-Pronaj A, Au A, Bellina M, Caldas JC, Chen Y-C, Csemy L, da Rocha MM, Dobrean A, Ezpeleta L, Funabiki Y, Harder VS, Lecannelier F, Leiner de la Cabada M, Leung P, Liu J, Mahr S, Malykh S, Markovic J, Ndetei DM, Oh KJ, Petot J-M, Riad G, Sakarya D, Samaniego VC, Sebre S, Shahini M, Silvares E, Simulioniene R, Sokoli E, Talcott JB, Vazquez N, Wolanczyk T, Zasepa E. Cultural contributions to adults' self-rated mental health problems and strengths: 7 culture clusters, 28 societies, 16 906 adults. Psychol Med. 2023 Dec;53(16):7581–7590.
Journal cover image

Published In

Psychol Med

DOI

EISSN

1469-8978

Publication Date

December 2023

Volume

53

Issue

16

Start / End Page

7581 / 7590

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • Psychiatry
  • Personality Disorders
  • Mental Health
  • Individuality
  • Humans
  • Anxiety Disorders
  • Anxiety
  • Adult
  • 5203 Clinical and health psychology
  • 5202 Biological psychology