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Health Care Access Barriers and Self-Reported Health Among Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Survivors.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Meernik, C; Dorfman, CS; Zullig, LL; Lazard, AJ; Fish, L; Farnan, L; Nichols, HB; Oeffinger, KC; Akinyemiju, T
Published in: J Adolesc Young Adult Oncol
June 12, 2023

Purpose: Adolescents and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors (15-39 years at diagnosis) are at risk for treatment-related late effects but face barriers in accessing survivorship care. We examined the prevalence of five health care access (HCA) barriers: affordability, accessibility, availability, accommodation, and acceptability. Methods: We identified AYA survivors from the University of North Carolina (UNC) Cancer Survivorship Cohort who completed a baseline questionnaire in 2010-2016. Participants had a history of cancer, were ≥18 years of age, and receiving care at a UNC oncology clinic. The sample was restricted to AYA survivors who were interviewed ≥1 year postdiagnosis. We used modified Poisson regression to estimate prevalence ratios (PRs) for the association between HCA barriers and self-reported fair or poor health, adjusted for sociodemographic and cancer characteristics. Results: The sample included 146 AYA survivors who were a median age of 39 at the time of the survey. The majority (71%)-and 92% of non-Hispanic Black survivors-reported at least one HCA barrier, including acceptability (40%), accommodation (38%), or affordability (31%). More than one-quarter of survivors (28%) reported fair or poor health. Affordability barriers (PR: 1.89, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.13-3.18) and acceptability barriers (PR: 1.60, 95% CI: 0.96-2.66) were associated with a higher prevalence of fair/poor health, as were the cumulative effects of multiple HCA dimensions reported as barriers. Conclusions: Barriers across multiple HCA dimensions were prevalent and associated with worse health in AYA survivors. Findings highlight the need to better understand and target specific barriers to care for diverse AYA survivors to improve their long-term health.

Duke Scholars

Published In

J Adolesc Young Adult Oncol

DOI

EISSN

2156-535X

Publication Date

June 12, 2023

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • 4205 Nursing
  • 3211 Oncology and carcinogenesis
  • 1117 Public Health and Health Services
  • 1112 Oncology and Carcinogenesis
  • 1110 Nursing
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
NLM
Meernik, C., Dorfman, C. S., Zullig, L. L., Lazard, A. J., Fish, L., Farnan, L., … Akinyemiju, T. (2023). Health Care Access Barriers and Self-Reported Health Among Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Survivors. J Adolesc Young Adult Oncol. https://doi.org/10.1089/jayao.2023.0024
Meernik, Clare, Caroline S. Dorfman, Leah L. Zullig, Allison J. Lazard, Laura Fish, Laura Farnan, Hazel B. Nichols, Kevin C. Oeffinger, and Tomi Akinyemiju. “Health Care Access Barriers and Self-Reported Health Among Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Survivors.J Adolesc Young Adult Oncol, June 12, 2023. https://doi.org/10.1089/jayao.2023.0024.
Meernik C, Dorfman CS, Zullig LL, Lazard AJ, Fish L, Farnan L, et al. Health Care Access Barriers and Self-Reported Health Among Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Survivors. J Adolesc Young Adult Oncol. 2023 Jun 12;
Meernik, Clare, et al. “Health Care Access Barriers and Self-Reported Health Among Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Survivors.J Adolesc Young Adult Oncol, June 2023. Pubmed, doi:10.1089/jayao.2023.0024.
Meernik C, Dorfman CS, Zullig LL, Lazard AJ, Fish L, Farnan L, Nichols HB, Oeffinger KC, Akinyemiju T. Health Care Access Barriers and Self-Reported Health Among Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Survivors. J Adolesc Young Adult Oncol. 2023 Jun 12;
Journal cover image

Published In

J Adolesc Young Adult Oncol

DOI

EISSN

2156-535X

Publication Date

June 12, 2023

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • 4205 Nursing
  • 3211 Oncology and carcinogenesis
  • 1117 Public Health and Health Services
  • 1112 Oncology and Carcinogenesis
  • 1110 Nursing