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Outcomes and Complications for Concurrent Hernia Repair Among Women Undergoing Hysterectomy.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Lim, SL; Knochenhauer, H; Truong, T; Weber, JM; Havrilesky, LJ; Previs, RA
Published in: Obstet Gynecol
November 1, 2023

OBJECTIVE: To assess whether concurrent hernia repair at time of hysterectomy is associated with increased complications. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, patients who underwent hysterectomy and hysterectomy with concurrent hernia repair were queried using the American College of Surgeons' National Surgical Quality Improvement Program participant use file (2005-2019). Propensity score matching was performed 1:1 with respect to preoperative and operative characteristics. Outcomes were operation time, length of stay (LOS), and major and minor complications. A secondary analysis of patients who underwent hysterectomy for malignancy was performed. RESULTS: A total of 369,010 patients underwent hysterectomy, and 5,071 of those underwent hysterectomy with concurrent hernia repair. After propensity score matching, there were 5,071 patients in each arm. Hysterectomy with concurrent hernia repair had a longer operation time by 46 minutes (95% CI 42.6-49.6; P <.001) and longer LOS after surgery by 0.71 days (95% CI 0.59-0.84; P <.001). Hysterectomy with concurrent hernia repair was associated with a 21.9% higher risk (15.6% vs 12.8%; 95% CI 1.11-1.34, P <.001) of major complications and was associated with a 34.5% higher risk (7.4% vs 5.5%; 95% CI 1.16-1.56, P <.001) of minor complications. In subgroup analyses, there was no significant increase in risk among patients with body mass indexes (BMIs) lower than 40, those who were younger than age 40 years or older than age 60 years, and those with tobacco use, diabetes, or a minimally invasive surgical approach. For patients undergoing hysterectomy for malignancy, hysterectomy with concurrent hernia repair was associated with a 32-minute longer operation time (95% CI 25.2-38.8; P <.001) and a 0.35-day longer LOS (95% CI 0.04-0.67, P =.027), but there was no significant difference in major and minor complications. CONCLUSION: Hysterectomy with concurrent hernia repair is associated with increased operation time, LOS, and risk of major and minor complications compared with hysterectomy without hernia repair. The subgroup analyses suggest that hysterectomy with concurrent hernia has a similar complication risk as hysterectomy without hernia repair in select populations, such as those with BMIs lower than 40 or with known malignancy.

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Published In

Obstet Gynecol

DOI

EISSN

1873-233X

Publication Date

November 1, 2023

Volume

142

Issue

5

Start / End Page

1113 / 1124

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Obstetrics & Reproductive Medicine
  • 3215 Reproductive medicine
  • 1114 Paediatrics and Reproductive Medicine
 

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Lim, S. L., Knochenhauer, H., Truong, T., Weber, J. M., Havrilesky, L. J., & Previs, R. A. (2023). Outcomes and Complications for Concurrent Hernia Repair Among Women Undergoing Hysterectomy. Obstet Gynecol, 142(5), 1113–1124. https://doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000005371
Lim, Stephanie L., Hope Knochenhauer, Tracy Truong, Jeremy M. Weber, Laura J. Havrilesky, and Rebecca A. Previs. “Outcomes and Complications for Concurrent Hernia Repair Among Women Undergoing Hysterectomy.Obstet Gynecol 142, no. 5 (November 1, 2023): 1113–24. https://doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000005371.
Lim SL, Knochenhauer H, Truong T, Weber JM, Havrilesky LJ, Previs RA. Outcomes and Complications for Concurrent Hernia Repair Among Women Undergoing Hysterectomy. Obstet Gynecol. 2023 Nov 1;142(5):1113–24.
Lim, Stephanie L., et al. “Outcomes and Complications for Concurrent Hernia Repair Among Women Undergoing Hysterectomy.Obstet Gynecol, vol. 142, no. 5, Nov. 2023, pp. 1113–24. Pubmed, doi:10.1097/AOG.0000000000005371.
Lim SL, Knochenhauer H, Truong T, Weber JM, Havrilesky LJ, Previs RA. Outcomes and Complications for Concurrent Hernia Repair Among Women Undergoing Hysterectomy. Obstet Gynecol. 2023 Nov 1;142(5):1113–1124.

Published In

Obstet Gynecol

DOI

EISSN

1873-233X

Publication Date

November 1, 2023

Volume

142

Issue

5

Start / End Page

1113 / 1124

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Obstetrics & Reproductive Medicine
  • 3215 Reproductive medicine
  • 1114 Paediatrics and Reproductive Medicine