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Let's get physical: Biomechanical influences on human pluripotent stem cell differentiation towards vascular engineering

Publication ,  Journal Article
Chan, XY; Eoh, JH; Gerecht, S
Published in: Current Opinion in Biomedical Engineering
March 1, 2018

Regenerative medicine provides a promising avenue of research in which tissue lost from disease, trauma and congenital defects can be replaced from substitutes created in the laboratory. Human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) are of great interest in the field of cell therapy due to their ability to provide a patient-specific cell source for the supplementation of tissue engineering constructs. In the field of vascular tissue engineering, blood vessels are composite tissues comprised of various cell types, mainly endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells. Therefore, proper attention must be given to the differentiation process so that the appropriate cell type with the necessary functional properties can be obtained. A larger emphasis needs to be placed on optimizing the functional properties of these cells so that they can withstand physiologically relevant forces in the native environment and integrate into the patients’ vasculature. Despite the importance of biomechanical cues in vascular development and engineering, few studies have investigated these critical factors during the differentiation of hPSCs into functional vascular cells and tissue. In this review, we summarize recent findings that elucidate the role of biomechanical influences on the differentiation of hPSCs. Specifically, we focus on their role in the differentiation of hPSCs into endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells. It is now evident that the use of these factors during differentiation can not only better direct cell fate, but can in fact enhance the specification and functionality of the differentiated cells. Finally, future directions and additional considerations for the use of biomechanical cues in the field of vascular bioengineering will be discussed.

Duke Scholars

Published In

Current Opinion in Biomedical Engineering

DOI

EISSN

2468-4511

Publication Date

March 1, 2018

Volume

5

Start / End Page

42 / 49

Related Subject Headings

  • 4003 Biomedical engineering
 

Citation

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Chan, X. Y., Eoh, J. H., & Gerecht, S. (2018). Let's get physical: Biomechanical influences on human pluripotent stem cell differentiation towards vascular engineering. Current Opinion in Biomedical Engineering, 5, 42–49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cobme.2018.01.001
Chan, X. Y., J. H. Eoh, and S. Gerecht. “Let's get physical: Biomechanical influences on human pluripotent stem cell differentiation towards vascular engineering.” Current Opinion in Biomedical Engineering 5 (March 1, 2018): 42–49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cobme.2018.01.001.
Chan XY, Eoh JH, Gerecht S. Let's get physical: Biomechanical influences on human pluripotent stem cell differentiation towards vascular engineering. Current Opinion in Biomedical Engineering. 2018 Mar 1;5:42–9.
Chan, X. Y., et al. “Let's get physical: Biomechanical influences on human pluripotent stem cell differentiation towards vascular engineering.” Current Opinion in Biomedical Engineering, vol. 5, Mar. 2018, pp. 42–49. Scopus, doi:10.1016/j.cobme.2018.01.001.
Chan XY, Eoh JH, Gerecht S. Let's get physical: Biomechanical influences on human pluripotent stem cell differentiation towards vascular engineering. Current Opinion in Biomedical Engineering. 2018 Mar 1;5:42–49.
Journal cover image

Published In

Current Opinion in Biomedical Engineering

DOI

EISSN

2468-4511

Publication Date

March 1, 2018

Volume

5

Start / End Page

42 / 49

Related Subject Headings

  • 4003 Biomedical engineering