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Gender differences in the processes of change for condom use: patterns across stages of change in crack cocaine users.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Timpson, SC; Pollak, KI; Bowen, AM; Williams, ML; Ross, MW; McCoy, CB; McCoy, HV
Published in: Health Educ Res
October 2001

Interventions to increase condom use in crack users have had mixed results. For interventions to achieve greater success, the mechanisms of behavior change in this population need to be understood. One mechanism, the processes of change, was examined across stages of change for condom use. Results from the analysis of variance for males and females revealed that stage of change was associated with different levels of three experiential processes: consciousness raising, social liberation and self-reevaluation. However, these analyses found that male and females seem to have different patterns of behavioral process use. Specifically, females in the preparation stage were different from those in precontemplation, whereas this difference was not pronounced in males. In general, people had high levels of experimental processes in every stage of change. The patterns of behavior process use mimicked patterns found for other behaviors with a linear increase across the stages of change. This may indicate that for maintaining condom use, more emotional and behavioral activities are required throughout the process of acquisition and maintenance than are necessary for other health-related activities. Implications of this research are that interventions for increasing condom use in drug users may target behavioral steps differently for males and females.

Duke Scholars

Published In

Health Educ Res

DOI

ISSN

0268-1153

Publication Date

October 2001

Volume

16

Issue

5

Start / End Page

541 / 553

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Sexual Partners
  • Sexual Behavior
  • Sex Factors
  • Public Health
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Female
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
NLM
Timpson, S. C., Pollak, K. I., Bowen, A. M., Williams, M. L., Ross, M. W., McCoy, C. B., & McCoy, H. V. (2001). Gender differences in the processes of change for condom use: patterns across stages of change in crack cocaine users. Health Educ Res, 16(5), 541–553. https://doi.org/10.1093/her/16.5.541
Timpson, S. C., K. I. Pollak, A. M. Bowen, M. L. Williams, M. W. Ross, C. B. McCoy, and H. V. McCoy. “Gender differences in the processes of change for condom use: patterns across stages of change in crack cocaine users.Health Educ Res 16, no. 5 (October 2001): 541–53. https://doi.org/10.1093/her/16.5.541.
Timpson SC, Pollak KI, Bowen AM, Williams ML, Ross MW, McCoy CB, et al. Gender differences in the processes of change for condom use: patterns across stages of change in crack cocaine users. Health Educ Res. 2001 Oct;16(5):541–53.
Timpson, S. C., et al. “Gender differences in the processes of change for condom use: patterns across stages of change in crack cocaine users.Health Educ Res, vol. 16, no. 5, Oct. 2001, pp. 541–53. Pubmed, doi:10.1093/her/16.5.541.
Timpson SC, Pollak KI, Bowen AM, Williams ML, Ross MW, McCoy CB, McCoy HV. Gender differences in the processes of change for condom use: patterns across stages of change in crack cocaine users. Health Educ Res. 2001 Oct;16(5):541–553.
Journal cover image

Published In

Health Educ Res

DOI

ISSN

0268-1153

Publication Date

October 2001

Volume

16

Issue

5

Start / End Page

541 / 553

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Sexual Partners
  • Sexual Behavior
  • Sex Factors
  • Public Health
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Female