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Self-guides, autobiographical memory, and anxiety and dysphoria: toward a cognitive model of vulnerability to emotional distress.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Strauman, TJ
Published in: Journal of abnormal psychology
February 1992

Several aspects of a cognitive model of vulnerability to emotional disorders based on self-discrepancy theory were tested. Anxious, dysphoric, anxious/dysphoric, and control subjects participated in 3 studies over a 4-month period: screening, assessment of self-guides and self-discrepancies, and an autobiographical memory task in which different types of retrieval cues (including self-guides) were presented and subjects reported childhood memories as they came to mind. Actual:ideal discrepancy was associated with persistent dysphoria, whereas actual:ought discrepancy was associated with persistent anxiety. Self-guide cues resulted in more efficient retrieval and greater unintended negative emotional content than comparable cue types. The groups were differentiated only by negative affect content in response to self-guide cues.

Duke Scholars

Published In

Journal of abnormal psychology

DOI

EISSN

1939-1846

ISSN

0021-843X

Publication Date

February 1992

Volume

101

Issue

1

Start / End Page

87 / 95

Related Subject Headings

  • Self Concept
  • Risk Factors
  • Personality Development
  • Motivation
  • Mental Recall
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Depression
  • Clinical Psychology
 

Citation

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Strauman, T. J. (1992). Self-guides, autobiographical memory, and anxiety and dysphoria: toward a cognitive model of vulnerability to emotional distress. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 101(1), 87–95. https://doi.org/10.1037//0021-843x.101.1.87
Strauman, T. J. “Self-guides, autobiographical memory, and anxiety and dysphoria: toward a cognitive model of vulnerability to emotional distress.Journal of Abnormal Psychology 101, no. 1 (February 1992): 87–95. https://doi.org/10.1037//0021-843x.101.1.87.
Strauman, T. J. “Self-guides, autobiographical memory, and anxiety and dysphoria: toward a cognitive model of vulnerability to emotional distress.Journal of Abnormal Psychology, vol. 101, no. 1, Feb. 1992, pp. 87–95. Epmc, doi:10.1037//0021-843x.101.1.87.

Published In

Journal of abnormal psychology

DOI

EISSN

1939-1846

ISSN

0021-843X

Publication Date

February 1992

Volume

101

Issue

1

Start / End Page

87 / 95

Related Subject Headings

  • Self Concept
  • Risk Factors
  • Personality Development
  • Motivation
  • Mental Recall
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Depression
  • Clinical Psychology