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Smoking and EEG power spectra: effects of differences in arousal seeking.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Cook, MR; Gerkovich, MM; Hoffman, SJ; McClernon, FJ; Cohen, HD; Oakleaf, KL; O'Connell, KA
Published in: Int J Psychophysiol
April 1995

Reversal theory, a general theory of motivation, emotion and action, has recently been shown to predict lapses in smoking cessation. Individuals are less likely to lapse if they are in the telic (serious-minded, arousal avoidant, goal-oriented) state than when they are in the paratelic (playful, arousal seeking, spontaneous) state. The literature indicates that people can smoke in such a way as to either increase or decrease central nervous system arousal; smoking in the telic and paratelic states might therefore differentially affect the resting electroencephalograph, as quantified by Fast Fourier Transform analysis. The basic hypothesis was supported. Theta power was decreased when subjects in the telic state smoked, while beta 2 power was increased when subjects in the paratelic state smoked; the latter finding was, however, true only for men. The results have important implications for research on changing health behaviors and for smoking cessation programs.

Duke Scholars

Published In

Int J Psychophysiol

DOI

ISSN

0167-8760

Publication Date

April 1995

Volume

19

Issue

3

Start / End Page

247 / 256

Location

Netherlands

Related Subject Headings

  • Smoking
  • Personality
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Fourier Analysis
  • Female
  • Experimental Psychology
  • Electroencephalography
  • Arousal
 

Citation

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Cook, M. R., Gerkovich, M. M., Hoffman, S. J., McClernon, F. J., Cohen, H. D., Oakleaf, K. L., & O’Connell, K. A. (1995). Smoking and EEG power spectra: effects of differences in arousal seeking. Int J Psychophysiol, 19(3), 247–256. https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-8760(95)00016-l
Cook, M. R., M. M. Gerkovich, S. J. Hoffman, F. J. McClernon, H. D. Cohen, K. L. Oakleaf, and K. A. O’Connell. “Smoking and EEG power spectra: effects of differences in arousal seeking.Int J Psychophysiol 19, no. 3 (April 1995): 247–56. https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-8760(95)00016-l.
Cook MR, Gerkovich MM, Hoffman SJ, McClernon FJ, Cohen HD, Oakleaf KL, et al. Smoking and EEG power spectra: effects of differences in arousal seeking. Int J Psychophysiol. 1995 Apr;19(3):247–56.
Cook, M. R., et al. “Smoking and EEG power spectra: effects of differences in arousal seeking.Int J Psychophysiol, vol. 19, no. 3, Apr. 1995, pp. 247–56. Pubmed, doi:10.1016/0167-8760(95)00016-l.
Cook MR, Gerkovich MM, Hoffman SJ, McClernon FJ, Cohen HD, Oakleaf KL, O’Connell KA. Smoking and EEG power spectra: effects of differences in arousal seeking. Int J Psychophysiol. 1995 Apr;19(3):247–256.
Journal cover image

Published In

Int J Psychophysiol

DOI

ISSN

0167-8760

Publication Date

April 1995

Volume

19

Issue

3

Start / End Page

247 / 256

Location

Netherlands

Related Subject Headings

  • Smoking
  • Personality
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Fourier Analysis
  • Female
  • Experimental Psychology
  • Electroencephalography
  • Arousal