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Moving Away From the World: Life-Course Patterns of Shy Children

Publication ,  Journal Article
Caspi, A; Elder, GH; Bem, DJ
Published in: Developmental Psychology
January 1, 1988

What are the life-course sequelae of childhood shyness? Using archival data from the Berkeley Guidance Study (Macfarlane, Allen, & Honzik, 1954), we identified individuals who were shy and reserved in late childhood and traced the continuities and consequences of this behavioral style across the subsequent 30 years of their lives. Shy boys were more likely than their peers to delay entry into marriage, parenthood, and stable careers; to attain less occupational achievement and stability; and-when late in establishing stable careers-to experience marital instability. Shy girls were more likely than their peers to follow a conventional pattern of marriage, childbearing, and homemaking. Results are compared with those from our parallel study of childhood ill-temperedness (Caspi, Elder, & Bem, 1987). Despite differences between shyness ("moving away from the world") and ill-temperedness ("moving against the world"), both persist across the life course through the progressive accumulation of their own consequences (cumulative continuity) and by their tendency to evoke maintaining responses from others during reciprocal social interaction (interactional continuity).

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Published In

Developmental Psychology

DOI

ISSN

0012-1649

Publication Date

January 1, 1988

Volume

24

Issue

6

Start / End Page

824 / 831

Related Subject Headings

  • Developmental & Child Psychology
  • 5204 Cognitive and computational psychology
  • 5201 Applied and developmental psychology
  • 3904 Specialist studies in education
  • 1702 Cognitive Sciences
  • 1701 Psychology
  • 1303 Specialist Studies in Education
 

Citation

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Caspi, A., Elder, G. H., & Bem, D. J. (1988). Moving Away From the World: Life-Course Patterns of Shy Children. Developmental Psychology, 24(6), 824–831. https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.24.6.824
Caspi, A., G. H. Elder, and D. J. Bem. “Moving Away From the World: Life-Course Patterns of Shy Children.” Developmental Psychology 24, no. 6 (January 1, 1988): 824–31. https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.24.6.824.
Caspi A, Elder GH, Bem DJ. Moving Away From the World: Life-Course Patterns of Shy Children. Developmental Psychology. 1988 Jan 1;24(6):824–31.
Caspi, A., et al. “Moving Away From the World: Life-Course Patterns of Shy Children.” Developmental Psychology, vol. 24, no. 6, Jan. 1988, pp. 824–31. Scopus, doi:10.1037/0012-1649.24.6.824.
Caspi A, Elder GH, Bem DJ. Moving Away From the World: Life-Course Patterns of Shy Children. Developmental Psychology. 1988 Jan 1;24(6):824–831.

Published In

Developmental Psychology

DOI

ISSN

0012-1649

Publication Date

January 1, 1988

Volume

24

Issue

6

Start / End Page

824 / 831

Related Subject Headings

  • Developmental & Child Psychology
  • 5204 Cognitive and computational psychology
  • 5201 Applied and developmental psychology
  • 3904 Specialist studies in education
  • 1702 Cognitive Sciences
  • 1701 Psychology
  • 1303 Specialist Studies in Education