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Mental disorders and violence in a total birth cohort: results from the Dunedin Study.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Arseneault, L; Moffitt, TE; Caspi, A; Taylor, PJ; Silva, PA
Published in: Archives of general psychiatry
October 2000

We report on mental disorders and violence for a birth cohort of young adults, regardless of their contact with the health or justice systems.We studied 961 young adults who constituted 94% of a total-city birth cohort in New Zealand, April 1, 1972, through March 31, 1973. Past-year prevalence of mental disorders was measured using standardized DSM-III-R interviews. Past-year violence was measured using self-reports of criminal offending and a search of official conviction records. We also tested whether substance use before the violent offense, adolescent excessive perceptions of threat, and a juvenile history of conduct disorder accounted for the link between mental disorders and violence.Individuals meeting diagnostic criteria for alcohol dependence, marijuana dependence, and schizophrenia-spectrum disorder were 1.9 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.0-3.5), 3.8 (95% CI, 2.2-6.8), and 2.5 (95% CI, 1.1-5.7) times, respectively, more likely than control subjects to be violent. Persons with at least 1 of these 3 disorders constituted one fifth of the sample, but they accounted for half of the sample's violent crimes (10% of violence risk was uniquely attributable to schizophrenia-spectrum disorder). Among alcohol-dependent individuals, violence was best explained by substance use before the offense; among marijuana-dependent individuals, by a juvenile history of conduct disorder; and among individuals with schizophrenia-spectrum disorder, by excessive perceptions of threat and a history of conduct disorder.In the age group committing most violent incidents, individuals with mental disorders account for a considerable amount of violence in the community. Different mental disorders are linked to violence via different core explanations, suggesting multiple-targeted prevention strategies.

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Published In

Archives of general psychiatry

DOI

EISSN

1538-3636

ISSN

0003-990X

Publication Date

October 2000

Volume

57

Issue

10

Start / End Page

979 / 986

Related Subject Headings

  • Violence
  • Substance-Related Disorders
  • Social Control, Formal
  • Psychotic Disorders
  • Psychiatry
  • New Zealand
  • Mental Disorders
  • Marijuana Abuse
  • Male
  • Humans
 

Citation

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Arseneault, L., Moffitt, T. E., Caspi, A., Taylor, P. J., & Silva, P. A. (2000). Mental disorders and violence in a total birth cohort: results from the Dunedin Study. Archives of General Psychiatry, 57(10), 979–986. https://doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.57.10.979
Arseneault, L., T. E. Moffitt, A. Caspi, P. J. Taylor, and P. A. Silva. “Mental disorders and violence in a total birth cohort: results from the Dunedin Study.Archives of General Psychiatry 57, no. 10 (October 2000): 979–86. https://doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.57.10.979.
Arseneault L, Moffitt TE, Caspi A, Taylor PJ, Silva PA. Mental disorders and violence in a total birth cohort: results from the Dunedin Study. Archives of general psychiatry. 2000 Oct;57(10):979–86.
Arseneault, L., et al. “Mental disorders and violence in a total birth cohort: results from the Dunedin Study.Archives of General Psychiatry, vol. 57, no. 10, Oct. 2000, pp. 979–86. Epmc, doi:10.1001/archpsyc.57.10.979.
Arseneault L, Moffitt TE, Caspi A, Taylor PJ, Silva PA. Mental disorders and violence in a total birth cohort: results from the Dunedin Study. Archives of general psychiatry. 2000 Oct;57(10):979–986.

Published In

Archives of general psychiatry

DOI

EISSN

1538-3636

ISSN

0003-990X

Publication Date

October 2000

Volume

57

Issue

10

Start / End Page

979 / 986

Related Subject Headings

  • Violence
  • Substance-Related Disorders
  • Social Control, Formal
  • Psychotic Disorders
  • Psychiatry
  • New Zealand
  • Mental Disorders
  • Marijuana Abuse
  • Male
  • Humans