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Temperamental origins of child and adolescent behavior problems: from age three to age fifteen.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Caspi, A; Henry, B; McGee, RO; Moffitt, TE; Silva, PA
Published in: Child development
February 1995

We assessed relations between early temperament and behavior problems across 12 years in an unselected sample of over 800 children. Temperament measures were drawn from behavior ratings made by examiners who observed children at ages 3, 5, 7, and 9. Factor analyses revealed 3 dimensions at each age: Lack of Control, Approach, and Sluggishness. Temperament dimensions at ages 3 and 5 were correlated in theoretically coherent ways with behavior problems that were independently evaluated by parents and teachers at ages 9 and 11, and by parents at ages 13 and 15. Lack of Control was more strongly associated with later externalizing behavior problems than with internalizing problems; Approach was associated with fewer internalizing problems among boys; and Sluggishness was weakly associated with both anxiety and inattention, especially among girls. Lack of Control and Sluggishness were also associated with fewer adolescent competencies. These results suggest that early temperament may have predictive specificity for the development of later psychopathology.

Duke Scholars

Published In

Child development

DOI

EISSN

1467-8624

ISSN

0009-3920

Publication Date

February 1995

Volume

66

Issue

1

Start / End Page

55 / 68

Related Subject Headings

  • Temperament
  • Personality Development
  • Personality Assessment
  • Male
  • Juvenile Delinquency
  • Internal-External Control
  • Humans
  • Gender Identity
  • Female
  • Developmental & Child Psychology
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
NLM
Caspi, A., Henry, B., McGee, R. O., Moffitt, T. E., & Silva, P. A. (1995). Temperamental origins of child and adolescent behavior problems: from age three to age fifteen. Child Development, 66(1), 55–68. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.1995.tb00855.x
Caspi, A., B. Henry, R. O. McGee, T. E. Moffitt, and P. A. Silva. “Temperamental origins of child and adolescent behavior problems: from age three to age fifteen.Child Development 66, no. 1 (February 1995): 55–68. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.1995.tb00855.x.
Caspi A, Henry B, McGee RO, Moffitt TE, Silva PA. Temperamental origins of child and adolescent behavior problems: from age three to age fifteen. Child development. 1995 Feb;66(1):55–68.
Caspi, A., et al. “Temperamental origins of child and adolescent behavior problems: from age three to age fifteen.Child Development, vol. 66, no. 1, Feb. 1995, pp. 55–68. Epmc, doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.1995.tb00855.x.
Caspi A, Henry B, McGee RO, Moffitt TE, Silva PA. Temperamental origins of child and adolescent behavior problems: from age three to age fifteen. Child development. 1995 Feb;66(1):55–68.
Journal cover image

Published In

Child development

DOI

EISSN

1467-8624

ISSN

0009-3920

Publication Date

February 1995

Volume

66

Issue

1

Start / End Page

55 / 68

Related Subject Headings

  • Temperament
  • Personality Development
  • Personality Assessment
  • Male
  • Juvenile Delinquency
  • Internal-External Control
  • Humans
  • Gender Identity
  • Female
  • Developmental & Child Psychology