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Antecedents of adult interpersonal functioning: effects of individual differences in age 3 temperament.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Newman, DL; Caspi, A; Moffitt, TE; Silva, PA
Published in: Developmental psychology
March 1997

We examined whether temperamental differences at age 3 are linked to interpersonal functioning in young adulthood. In a sample of over 900 children, we identified 5 distinct groups of children based on behavioral observations: Well-adjusted, undercontrolled, reserved, confident, and inhibited. At age 21, we assessed the children's interpersonal functioning in 4 social contexts: in the social network, at home, in romantic relationships, and at work. We found three patterns of relations: (a) Well-adjusted, reserved, and confident children defined a heterogeneous range of normative adult interpersonal behavior, (b) inhibited children had lower levels of social support but normative adjustment in romantic relationships and at work, and (c) undercontrolled children had lower levels of adjustment and greater interpersonal conflict across adult social contexts.

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Published In

Developmental psychology

DOI

EISSN

1939-0599

ISSN

0012-1649

Publication Date

March 1997

Volume

33

Issue

2

Start / End Page

206 / 217

Related Subject Headings

  • Temperament
  • Social Support
  • Psychology, Child
  • Personality Development
  • Male
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Developmental & Child Psychology
  • Conflict, Psychological
 

Citation

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ICMJE
MLA
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Newman, D. L., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., & Silva, P. A. (1997). Antecedents of adult interpersonal functioning: effects of individual differences in age 3 temperament. Developmental Psychology, 33(2), 206–217. https://doi.org/10.1037//0012-1649.33.2.206
Newman, D. L., A. Caspi, T. E. Moffitt, and P. A. Silva. “Antecedents of adult interpersonal functioning: effects of individual differences in age 3 temperament.Developmental Psychology 33, no. 2 (March 1997): 206–17. https://doi.org/10.1037//0012-1649.33.2.206.
Newman DL, Caspi A, Moffitt TE, Silva PA. Antecedents of adult interpersonal functioning: effects of individual differences in age 3 temperament. Developmental psychology. 1997 Mar;33(2):206–17.
Newman, D. L., et al. “Antecedents of adult interpersonal functioning: effects of individual differences in age 3 temperament.Developmental Psychology, vol. 33, no. 2, Mar. 1997, pp. 206–17. Epmc, doi:10.1037//0012-1649.33.2.206.
Newman DL, Caspi A, Moffitt TE, Silva PA. Antecedents of adult interpersonal functioning: effects of individual differences in age 3 temperament. Developmental psychology. 1997 Mar;33(2):206–217.

Published In

Developmental psychology

DOI

EISSN

1939-0599

ISSN

0012-1649

Publication Date

March 1997

Volume

33

Issue

2

Start / End Page

206 / 217

Related Subject Headings

  • Temperament
  • Social Support
  • Psychology, Child
  • Personality Development
  • Male
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Developmental & Child Psychology
  • Conflict, Psychological