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Developmental outcome of very low birth weight infants as a function of biological risk and psychosocial risk.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Thompson, RJ; Goldstein, RF; Oehler, JM; Gustafson, KE; Catlett, AT; Brazy, JE
Published in: J Dev Behav Pediatr
August 1994

The relative contribution of biological and psychosocial risk factors to developmental outcome of 102 very low birth weight infants (< 1500 g) was delineated through 24 months corrected age. Biological risk, assessed by the Neurobiologic Risk Score (NBRS), accounted for significant amounts of variance in Bayley Mental Developmental Index (MDI) and Psychomotor Developmental Index (PDI) at the 6-, 15-, and 24-month assessment points. Psychosocial risk, reflected in maternal appraisals of daily stress, accounted for a significant increment in cognitive outcome (MDI), over and above that accounted for by the NBRS, at each assessment point. Cognitive functioning at each assessment point differed as a function of biological risk and psychosocial risk status. The findings are discussed in terms of maternal stress as a marker of, and salient intervention target for, caregiving environments that can maximize or minimize the effects of biological vulnerability.

Duke Scholars

Published In

J Dev Behav Pediatr

ISSN

0196-206X

Publication Date

August 1994

Volume

15

Issue

4

Start / End Page

232 / 238

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Social Environment
  • Risk Factors
  • Psychomotor Disorders
  • Parenting
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Mother-Child Relations
  • Male
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Low Birth Weight
  • Infant
 

Citation

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Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Thompson, R. J., Goldstein, R. F., Oehler, J. M., Gustafson, K. E., Catlett, A. T., & Brazy, J. E. (1994). Developmental outcome of very low birth weight infants as a function of biological risk and psychosocial risk. J Dev Behav Pediatr, 15(4), 232–238.
Thompson, R. J., R. F. Goldstein, J. M. Oehler, K. E. Gustafson, A. T. Catlett, and J. E. Brazy. “Developmental outcome of very low birth weight infants as a function of biological risk and psychosocial risk.J Dev Behav Pediatr 15, no. 4 (August 1994): 232–38.
Thompson RJ, Goldstein RF, Oehler JM, Gustafson KE, Catlett AT, Brazy JE. Developmental outcome of very low birth weight infants as a function of biological risk and psychosocial risk. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 1994 Aug;15(4):232–8.
Thompson, R. J., et al. “Developmental outcome of very low birth weight infants as a function of biological risk and psychosocial risk.J Dev Behav Pediatr, vol. 15, no. 4, Aug. 1994, pp. 232–38.
Thompson RJ, Goldstein RF, Oehler JM, Gustafson KE, Catlett AT, Brazy JE. Developmental outcome of very low birth weight infants as a function of biological risk and psychosocial risk. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 1994 Aug;15(4):232–238.

Published In

J Dev Behav Pediatr

ISSN

0196-206X

Publication Date

August 1994

Volume

15

Issue

4

Start / End Page

232 / 238

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Social Environment
  • Risk Factors
  • Psychomotor Disorders
  • Parenting
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Mother-Child Relations
  • Male
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Low Birth Weight
  • Infant