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Linking PBDEs in house dust to consumer products using X-ray fluorescence.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Allen, JG; McClean, MD; Stapleton, HM; Webster, TF
Published in: Environmental science & technology
June 2008

The indoor environment is an important source of exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), a class of fire retardants used in many household products. Previous attempts to link PBDE concentrations in house dust to consumer products have been hampered by the inability to determine the presence of PBDEs in otherwise similar products. We used a portable X-rayfluorescence (XRF) analyzer to nondestructively quantify bromine concentrations in consumer goods. In the validation phase, XRF-measured bromine was highly correlated with GC/MS-measured bromine for furniture foam and plastic from electronics (n = 29, r = 0.93, p < 0.0001). In the field study phase, the XRF-measured bromine in room furniture was associated with pentaBDE concentrations in room dust in the bedroom (r = 0.68, p = 0.001) and main living area (r = 0.51, p = 0.02). We also found an association between XRF-measured bromine levels in electronics and decaBDE levels in dust, largely driven by the high levels in televisions (r = 0.64, p = 0.003 for bedrooms). For the main living area, predicting decaBDE in dust improved when we included an interaction effect between the bromine content of televisions and the number of persons in the house (p < 0.005), a potential surrogate for television usage.

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Published In

Environmental science & technology

DOI

EISSN

1520-5851

ISSN

0013-936X

Publication Date

June 2008

Volume

42

Issue

11

Start / End Page

4222 / 4228

Related Subject Headings

  • X-Rays
  • Polybrominated Biphenyls
  • Phenyl Ethers
  • Interior Design and Furnishings
  • Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers
  • Fluorescence
  • Flame Retardants
  • Environmental Sciences
  • Environmental Pollutants
  • Environmental Monitoring
 

Citation

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Allen, J. G., McClean, M. D., Stapleton, H. M., & Webster, T. F. (2008). Linking PBDEs in house dust to consumer products using X-ray fluorescence. Environmental Science & Technology, 42(11), 4222–4228. https://doi.org/10.1021/es702964a
Allen, Joseph G., Michael D. McClean, Heather M. Stapleton, and Thomas F. Webster. “Linking PBDEs in house dust to consumer products using X-ray fluorescence.Environmental Science & Technology 42, no. 11 (June 2008): 4222–28. https://doi.org/10.1021/es702964a.
Allen JG, McClean MD, Stapleton HM, Webster TF. Linking PBDEs in house dust to consumer products using X-ray fluorescence. Environmental science & technology. 2008 Jun;42(11):4222–8.
Allen, Joseph G., et al. “Linking PBDEs in house dust to consumer products using X-ray fluorescence.Environmental Science & Technology, vol. 42, no. 11, June 2008, pp. 4222–28. Epmc, doi:10.1021/es702964a.
Allen JG, McClean MD, Stapleton HM, Webster TF. Linking PBDEs in house dust to consumer products using X-ray fluorescence. Environmental science & technology. 2008 Jun;42(11):4222–4228.
Journal cover image

Published In

Environmental science & technology

DOI

EISSN

1520-5851

ISSN

0013-936X

Publication Date

June 2008

Volume

42

Issue

11

Start / End Page

4222 / 4228

Related Subject Headings

  • X-Rays
  • Polybrominated Biphenyls
  • Phenyl Ethers
  • Interior Design and Furnishings
  • Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers
  • Fluorescence
  • Flame Retardants
  • Environmental Sciences
  • Environmental Pollutants
  • Environmental Monitoring