Skip to main content
Journal cover image

School, neighborhood, and family factors are associated with children's bullying involvement: a nationally representative longitudinal study.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Bowes, L; Arseneault, L; Maughan, B; Taylor, A; Caspi, A; Moffitt, TE
Published in: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
May 2009

To test whether school, neighborhood, and family factors are independently associated with children's involvement in bullying, over and above their own behaviors that may increase their risk for becoming involved in bullying.We examined bullying in the Environmental Risk (E-Risk) Longitudinal Twin Study, a nationally representative 1994-1995 birth cohort of 2,232 children. We used mother and teacher reports to identify children who experienced bullying between the ages of 5 and 7 years either as victims, bullies, or bully-victims. We collected information about school characteristics from the Department for Children, Schools and Families. We collected reports from mothers about children's neighborhood and home environments and reports from mothers and teachers about children's internalizing and externalizing problems when they were 5 years old.Multinomial logistic regressions showed that over and above other socioenvironmental factors and children's behavior problems, school size was associated with an increased risk for being a victim of bullying, problems with neighbors was associated with an increased risk for being a bully-victim, and family factors (e.g., child maltreatment, domestic violence) were associated with all groups of children involved in bullying.Socioenvironmental factors are associated with children's risk for becoming involved in bullying over and above their own behaviors. Intervention programs aimed at reducing bullying should extend their focus beyond schools to include local communities and families.

Duke Scholars

Altmetric Attention Stats
Dimensions Citation Stats

Published In

Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

DOI

EISSN

1527-5418

ISSN

0890-8567

Publication Date

May 2009

Volume

48

Issue

5

Start / End Page

545 / 553

Related Subject Headings

  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Social Environment
  • Social Behavior Disorders
  • Schools
  • Risk Factors
  • Residence Characteristics
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Logistic Models
  • Humans
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
NLM
Bowes, L., Arseneault, L., Maughan, B., Taylor, A., Caspi, A., & Moffitt, T. E. (2009). School, neighborhood, and family factors are associated with children's bullying involvement: a nationally representative longitudinal study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 48(5), 545–553. https://doi.org/10.1097/chi.0b013e31819cb017
Bowes, Lucy, Louise Arseneault, Barbara Maughan, Alan Taylor, Avshalom Caspi, and Terrie E. Moffitt. “School, neighborhood, and family factors are associated with children's bullying involvement: a nationally representative longitudinal study.Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 48, no. 5 (May 2009): 545–53. https://doi.org/10.1097/chi.0b013e31819cb017.
Bowes L, Arseneault L, Maughan B, Taylor A, Caspi A, Moffitt TE. School, neighborhood, and family factors are associated with children's bullying involvement: a nationally representative longitudinal study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 2009 May;48(5):545–53.
Bowes, Lucy, et al. “School, neighborhood, and family factors are associated with children's bullying involvement: a nationally representative longitudinal study.Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, vol. 48, no. 5, May 2009, pp. 545–53. Epmc, doi:10.1097/chi.0b013e31819cb017.
Bowes L, Arseneault L, Maughan B, Taylor A, Caspi A, Moffitt TE. School, neighborhood, and family factors are associated with children's bullying involvement: a nationally representative longitudinal study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 2009 May;48(5):545–553.
Journal cover image

Published In

Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

DOI

EISSN

1527-5418

ISSN

0890-8567

Publication Date

May 2009

Volume

48

Issue

5

Start / End Page

545 / 553

Related Subject Headings

  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Social Environment
  • Social Behavior Disorders
  • Schools
  • Risk Factors
  • Residence Characteristics
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Logistic Models
  • Humans