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Evaluating daily exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in fish oil supplements.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Ashley, JTF; Ward, JS; Schafer, MW; Stapleton, HM; Velinsky, DJ
Published in: Food additives & contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, analysis, control, exposure & risk assessment
August 2010

Fish oil supplements have become a popular means of increasing one's dietary intake of essential polyunsaturated fatty acids. However, there is growing concern that the levels and potential health effects of lipophilic organic contaminants such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) may diminish some of the health benefits associated with the daily consumption of fish oil supplements. In this study, ten over-the-counter fish oil supplements available in the United States were analysed for PCBs and PBDEs and daily exposures calculated. Based on manufacturers' recommended dosages, daily intakes of PCBs and PBDEs ranged from 5 to 686 ng day(-1) and from 1 to 13 ng day(-1), respectively. Daily consumption of fish oil supplements expose consumers to PCBs and PBDEs. However, in comparison with fish ingestion, fish supplements may decrease daily PCB exposure and provide a safer pathway for individuals seeking to maintain daily recommended levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids.

Duke Scholars

Published In

Food additives & contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, analysis, control, exposure & risk assessment

DOI

EISSN

1944-0057

ISSN

1944-0049

Publication Date

August 2010

Volume

27

Issue

8

Start / End Page

1177 / 1185

Related Subject Headings

  • United States
  • Seafood
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Polychlorinated Biphenyls
  • Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers
  • Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
  • Food Science
  • Fishes
  • Fish Oils
  • Fatty Acids, Essential
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Ashley, J. T. F., Ward, J. S., Schafer, M. W., Stapleton, H. M., & Velinsky, D. J. (2010). Evaluating daily exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in fish oil supplements. Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment, 27(8), 1177–1185. https://doi.org/10.1080/19440041003793298
Ashley, J. T. F., J. S. Ward, M. W. Schafer, H. M. Stapleton, and D. J. Velinsky. “Evaluating daily exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in fish oil supplements.Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment 27, no. 8 (August 2010): 1177–85. https://doi.org/10.1080/19440041003793298.
Ashley JTF, Ward JS, Schafer MW, Stapleton HM, Velinsky DJ. Evaluating daily exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in fish oil supplements. Food additives & contaminants Part A, Chemistry, analysis, control, exposure & risk assessment. 2010 Aug;27(8):1177–85.
Ashley, J. T. F., et al. “Evaluating daily exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in fish oil supplements.Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment, vol. 27, no. 8, Aug. 2010, pp. 1177–85. Epmc, doi:10.1080/19440041003793298.
Ashley JTF, Ward JS, Schafer MW, Stapleton HM, Velinsky DJ. Evaluating daily exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in fish oil supplements. Food additives & contaminants Part A, Chemistry, analysis, control, exposure & risk assessment. 2010 Aug;27(8):1177–1185.

Published In

Food additives & contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, analysis, control, exposure & risk assessment

DOI

EISSN

1944-0057

ISSN

1944-0049

Publication Date

August 2010

Volume

27

Issue

8

Start / End Page

1177 / 1185

Related Subject Headings

  • United States
  • Seafood
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Polychlorinated Biphenyls
  • Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers
  • Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
  • Food Science
  • Fishes
  • Fish Oils
  • Fatty Acids, Essential