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Low life course socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with negative NEO PI-R personality patterns.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Jonassaint, CR; Siegler, IC; Barefoot, JC; Edwards, CL; Williams, RB
Published in: Int J Behav Med
March 2011

BACKGROUND: Low socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with poor health. One potential pathway accounting for this relationship may be an association between low SES and personality characteristics that affect health. METHODS: Associations among parent's education, current SES (education and income), and personality were examined among 233 African Americans and Caucasian, male and female community volunteers. RESULTS: Using multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) to model neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness simultaneously, participant's education, household income, and father's and mother's education each had significant main effects on personality. When examining the life course--the combination of both current and childhood SES--distinctive patterns emerged for each domain, depending upon whether mother's or father's education was used to index childhood SES. When using mother's education as a childhood SES index, a high life course SES (high participant's SES/high mother's education) was associated with high extraversion and openness. Using father's education as a childhood SES index, a low life course SES (low participant's SES/low father's education) was associated with disproportionately high neuroticism and low conscientiousness. These effects did not differ by race or sex. CONCLUSION: The implications of these findings for the role of personality in the SES-health relationship are discussed.

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Published In

Int J Behav Med

DOI

EISSN

1532-7558

Publication Date

March 2011

Volume

18

Issue

1

Start / End Page

13 / 21

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Social Class
  • Public Health
  • Personality Inventory
  • Personality
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Health Status
  • Female
  • Educational Status
 

Citation

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Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Jonassaint, C. R., Siegler, I. C., Barefoot, J. C., Edwards, C. L., & Williams, R. B. (2011). Low life course socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with negative NEO PI-R personality patterns. Int J Behav Med, 18(1), 13–21. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12529-009-9069-x
Jonassaint, Charles R., Ilene C. Siegler, John C. Barefoot, Christopher L. Edwards, and Redford B. Williams. “Low life course socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with negative NEO PI-R personality patterns.Int J Behav Med 18, no. 1 (March 2011): 13–21. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12529-009-9069-x.
Jonassaint CR, Siegler IC, Barefoot JC, Edwards CL, Williams RB. Low life course socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with negative NEO PI-R personality patterns. Int J Behav Med. 2011 Mar;18(1):13–21.
Jonassaint, Charles R., et al. “Low life course socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with negative NEO PI-R personality patterns.Int J Behav Med, vol. 18, no. 1, Mar. 2011, pp. 13–21. Pubmed, doi:10.1007/s12529-009-9069-x.
Jonassaint CR, Siegler IC, Barefoot JC, Edwards CL, Williams RB. Low life course socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with negative NEO PI-R personality patterns. Int J Behav Med. 2011 Mar;18(1):13–21.
Journal cover image

Published In

Int J Behav Med

DOI

EISSN

1532-7558

Publication Date

March 2011

Volume

18

Issue

1

Start / End Page

13 / 21

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Social Class
  • Public Health
  • Personality Inventory
  • Personality
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Health Status
  • Female
  • Educational Status