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Contribution of pastimes and testing strategies to the performance of healthy volunteers on cognitive tests.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Cirulli, ET; Attix, DK; Smith, PJ; Chiba-Falek, O; Pennuto, TO; Linney, KN; Goldstein, DB
Published in: Clin Neuropsychol
July 2011

Clinicians routinely query factors known to impact cognitive test scores, including age and education. However, without data delineating the impact of less-frequently tracked variables, clinicians are limited to educated inferences about their effect. We explored the relationship of demographics, pastimes, and strategies with cognitive scores in a sample of 499 healthy young volunteers. As expected, age, education, ethnicity, and native language were strongly associated with most tests, while gender and dysphoria were associated with only some. Interestingly, pastimes such as playing number games and word games, and doing activities similar to the tests, were strongly associated with many measures, and testing strategies with almost all. Importantly, at least an additional 50% of the variation in Digit Span Backward and Animals scores was explained by adding covariates about pastimes and strategies to demographic covariates. These results support the utility of querying these elements.

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Published In

Clin Neuropsychol

DOI

EISSN

1744-4144

Publication Date

July 2011

Volume

25

Issue

5

Start / End Page

778 / 798

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • Young Adult
  • Verbal Behavior
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Regression Analysis
  • Problem Solving
  • Play and Playthings
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Middle Aged
  • Mental Recall
  • Male
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Cirulli, E. T., Attix, D. K., Smith, P. J., Chiba-Falek, O., Pennuto, T. O., Linney, K. N., & Goldstein, D. B. (2011). Contribution of pastimes and testing strategies to the performance of healthy volunteers on cognitive tests. Clin Neuropsychol, 25(5), 778–798. https://doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2011.578587
Cirulli, Elizabeth T., Deborah K. Attix, Patrick J. Smith, Ornit Chiba-Falek, Tracy O’Connor Pennuto, Kristen N. Linney, and David B. Goldstein. “Contribution of pastimes and testing strategies to the performance of healthy volunteers on cognitive tests.Clin Neuropsychol 25, no. 5 (July 2011): 778–98. https://doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2011.578587.
Cirulli ET, Attix DK, Smith PJ, Chiba-Falek O, Pennuto TO, Linney KN, et al. Contribution of pastimes and testing strategies to the performance of healthy volunteers on cognitive tests. Clin Neuropsychol. 2011 Jul;25(5):778–98.
Cirulli, Elizabeth T., et al. “Contribution of pastimes and testing strategies to the performance of healthy volunteers on cognitive tests.Clin Neuropsychol, vol. 25, no. 5, July 2011, pp. 778–98. Pubmed, doi:10.1080/13854046.2011.578587.
Cirulli ET, Attix DK, Smith PJ, Chiba-Falek O, Pennuto TO, Linney KN, Goldstein DB. Contribution of pastimes and testing strategies to the performance of healthy volunteers on cognitive tests. Clin Neuropsychol. 2011 Jul;25(5):778–798.

Published In

Clin Neuropsychol

DOI

EISSN

1744-4144

Publication Date

July 2011

Volume

25

Issue

5

Start / End Page

778 / 798

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • Young Adult
  • Verbal Behavior
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Regression Analysis
  • Problem Solving
  • Play and Playthings
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Middle Aged
  • Mental Recall
  • Male