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Physical fitness and functional limitations in community-dwelling older adults.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Morey, MC; Pieper, CF; Cornoni-Huntley, J
Published in: Med Sci Sports Exerc
May 1998

BACKGROUND: Conceptual models of disability have focused on disease-specific factors as the primary cause of disability. Functional limitations in the performance of basic tasks are considered primary mediators on the causal pathway from disease to disability. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the association between three fitness components (cardiorespiratory, morphologic, and strength) and functional limitations. METHODS: Analyses employed data collected upon 161 older adults (72.5 +/- 5.1 yr) who agreed to undergo baseline testing in a clinical trial. RESULTS: After controlling for age, race, sex, education, depressive symptoms, and body mass index, all three fitness components were directly associated with functional limitations (P < 0.05). This study is the first to characterize a broad set of individual fitness components as they relate to functional limitations and the first to examine directly measured cardiorespiratory fitness within the context of existing disability models. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that low fitness is a risk factor for functional decline independent of disease processes.

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Published In

Med Sci Sports Exerc

DOI

ISSN

0195-9131

Publication Date

May 1998

Volume

30

Issue

5

Start / End Page

715 / 723

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Sport Sciences
  • Physical Fitness
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Health Status
  • Frail Elderly
  • Female
  • Disabled Persons
  • Chronic Disease
 

Citation

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Morey, M. C., Pieper, C. F., & Cornoni-Huntley, J. (1998). Physical fitness and functional limitations in community-dwelling older adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 30(5), 715–723. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005768-199805000-00012
Morey, M. C., C. F. Pieper, and J. Cornoni-Huntley. “Physical fitness and functional limitations in community-dwelling older adults.Med Sci Sports Exerc 30, no. 5 (May 1998): 715–23. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005768-199805000-00012.
Morey MC, Pieper CF, Cornoni-Huntley J. Physical fitness and functional limitations in community-dwelling older adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1998 May;30(5):715–23.
Morey, M. C., et al. “Physical fitness and functional limitations in community-dwelling older adults.Med Sci Sports Exerc, vol. 30, no. 5, May 1998, pp. 715–23. Pubmed, doi:10.1097/00005768-199805000-00012.
Morey MC, Pieper CF, Cornoni-Huntley J. Physical fitness and functional limitations in community-dwelling older adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1998 May;30(5):715–723.

Published In

Med Sci Sports Exerc

DOI

ISSN

0195-9131

Publication Date

May 1998

Volume

30

Issue

5

Start / End Page

715 / 723

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Sport Sciences
  • Physical Fitness
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Health Status
  • Frail Elderly
  • Female
  • Disabled Persons
  • Chronic Disease